Who is Gaston Bachelard?June 25, 2021
French philosopher, writer.
He was born on 27 July 1884 in Bar-sur-Aube. He completed his secondary education in Bar-sur-Aube. He first worked at the Post and Telegraph Administration in Remiremont between 1903-1905, and then at the Post and Telegraph Administration in Paris between 1907-1913. He received his higher education diploma in Mathematical Sciences in 1912. He took part in the secondary education staff in October 1919, received the title of doctor of philosophy in 1922 and of literature in 1927 at the Sorbonne. In 1930, he became a professor of philosophy at the Dijon Faculty of Letters. In 1940, he entered the Sorbonne Chair of Philosophy and History of Science, where he would be a professor for fourteen years. He was also the director of the History of Science Institute in the same years. He was awarded the Legion d’honneur in 1951.
Among the thinkers influenced by him are Pierre Bourdieu, Alexandre Koyré, Thomas S. Kuhn, Michel Foucault, Louis Althusser.
Gaston Bachelard died on October 16, 1962.
– Le Nouvel Esprit Scientifique (1934)
– La Dialectique de la durée (1936)
– L’Expérience de l’espace dans la physique contemporaine (1937)
– La formation de l’esprit scientifique (1938)
– Contribution à une psychanalyse de la connaissance objective (1938)
– La psychanalyse du feu (1938; Psychoanalysis of Fire, Context Pub., 2000)
– Lautreamont (1940)
– La Philosophie du Non (1940; No Philosophy, YKY, 1995)
– L’Eau et les Rêves. Essai sur l’imagination de la matiere (1942)
– L’Air et les Songes. Essai sur l’imagination du mouvement (1943)
– La Terre et les Rêveries du repos. Essai sur les images de l’intimité (1948)
– L’Activité rationaliste de la physique contemporaine (1951)
– Le Matérialisme rationnel (1953)
– La Poétique de l’espace (1957; The Poetics of Space, Section, 1996)
– La Poétique de la rêverie (1960)
– La Flamme d’une chandelle (1961)
– Le Droit de rêver (1970), a posthumous compilation.