Who Is Gautama Buddha (Gotama Buddha)?June 25, 2021
Gotama Buddha, spiritual teacher and founder of Buddhism, estimated to have lived in India between 563 and 483 BC. When he was born, his name was Sidarta Gotama. (Sanskrit; Pali: Siddhāttha Gotama). He is also called Prince Sidarta or Śākyamuni (sage from Sakya tribe).
He is considered Buddha by Buddhists all over the world. Buddha, which means “awakened person” in Sanskrit, is a title used to describe the spiritual enlightenment that occurred in Sidarta Gotama as a result of his pursuit of the truth behind life and death.
He is considered a holy figure in other religions as well. In some Hindu texts, he is depicted as the avatar of the god Vishnu, who tries to alienate people from the Vedic religion, and is considered a prophet in Baha’i.
Sidarta is a name his family gave him. It means “achieved its purpose”. Gotama is the name of the family to which the Buddha belonged. Gautama is also known as Shakyamuni (sage of Shakya in Pali).
Sidarta Gotama, known as Buddha, is also referred to as Tathagata (one who has attained perfect wisdom).
Dates of birth and death are uncertain. It is estimated that he was born in 563 BC. However, new research has changed this history. According to this new information obtained; Siddharta was born ten years, perhaps a hundred years later, than the predicted date. Most of the 20th century scientists d. 560 d. While finding the dates 483 appropriate, there are also historians who suggest the years 410 to 400 for his death. According to a rumor; Siddhartha was born in Lumbini, in northeastern India, near the present-day Nepal border. He belonged to the Sakya dynasty, which ruled in the city of Kapilavastu, near the Nepalese border.
His father, Suddhodana (in present-day India – Nepal) was the king of the Shakya tribe. The grandeur and extravagance of Buddha’s royal father’s palace ceremonies was probably due to their descent from a noble family. His mother, Maya, and his father, Suddhodana, gave him the name “Siddharta”, which means “achieved his purpose”. His nickname “Shakyamuni” indicates his origin and means “from the Shakya family”. It was predicted that after the birth of Siddharta, he would be the one who would rule the world or bring wisdom to the suffering world.
Sidarta Gotama lived in a palace where he had everything and stayed away from all the problems in the world. His father wanted his son Siddharta to be the next king, and did not allow his son to go far from the royal palace so that he would not see old age, sickness and death in the streets.
Sidarta Gotama promised the Indian God Brahma that for the rest of his life he would devote himself to saving humanity from suffering. The reason is that at the age of 29, he realized what life really is, that wealth, luxury life does not bring any happiness, that people’s suffering and how meaningless his previous life was.
According to the legend; A monk saw a febrile illness and a rotting corpse, so he decided to find a way out of all this suffering. (Actually, it is very difficult to separate the legends from the truth in Buddha’s life.)
Shortly after the birth of his only son, Rahula, at the age of 29, Siddharta Buddha left his child, wife, Yasodhara, and his city to seek relief from suffering and suffering.
For six years he wandered like ascetics in the Ganges valley, meeting with famous religious teachers (men), following their methods, studying and firmly practicing the teachings of asceticism. But after a while, he realized that these religions and their knowledge were not for his purpose and gave up. After leaving them, he began to seek his own way, primarily through meditation techniques. He defined this situation as the “middle way” because it prevented the extremism of other religious teachings.
After the death of Siddhartha Gautama, his life story was compiled by the Sangha Society of his students and transmitted orally for a very long time.
Lumbini is the birthplace of Siddhartha, the founder of Buddhism. It is located near the present Nepal border (Rupandehi District). It is located in the foothills of the Himalaya and northeast of India. It was found as a result of archaeological studies carried out in 1896. The most important relic found here is the 6.5 m high obelisk built by the Buddhist King Ashoka in 245 BC. The inscriptions on this stele are expressed in Hindi and Magadhi as follows:
“Buddhist King Devanampiya Piyadasi (Ashoka) came here 20 years after his coronation and expressed his admiration that Buddha from the Sakya tribe was born here. He had an obelisk built to show that this great man was born here. Lumbini did not tax his people and reduced the share of natural resources to one-eighth”. (Hindus make statues of their gods, which they especially care about, during the “Durga Puja” feast. They believe that they take away their sins. They throw these statues into the Ganges River or holy waters such as this river.
Gotama is from the Sakya tribe. Nepal today