Who is Georges Politzer?June 25, 2021
Hungarian-born French Marxist writer and philosopher. He is known as the “Red-Headed Philosopher”. He was born in Nagyvárad (Oradea) in present-day Romania.
Politzer became an activist during the Hungarian uprising of 1919. After the defeat of the communist council republic under Béla Kun, Politzer was forced into exile at the age of 17, while the country came under the oppressive rule of the Austro-Hungarian admiral Miklós Horthy.
He settled in Paris in 1921 after meeting Sigmund Freud and Sándor Ferenczi in Vienna. Five years later he had read all the academic literature, down to that of philosophy. Between 1929 and 1931 he joined the French Communist Party.
At the beginning of 1930, the French Communist Party had established the Workers’ University of Paris, which would operate until the German occupation in 1939. During his activity at this university, he undertook the Politzer Dialectic-Materialism courses.
He was interested in psychology as a follower of Marx and Lenin. While emphasizing the concrete aspects of this field, he evaluated traditional psychology as abstract. Initially, he showed great interest in the theory of psychoanalysis developed by Freud and the possibilities of its application. However, in time, he moved away from psychoanalysis under the influence of the communist party’s attitude towards psychoanalysis. During this period, he was working as a philosophy teacher at Saint-Maur High School.
He was stationed in Paris during the mobilization in 1940 during the Nazi Germany’s occupation of France. He remained loyal to the secret leadership of the Communist Party. After the mobilization ended in July 1940, he became one of the publishers of an illegal newspaper.
The world-renowned physicist, upon the arrest of Politzer’s friend and comrade Paul Langevin in October 1940, published the first issue of the Free University (L’Université Libre), announcing the physicist’s arrest and exposing the crimes of fascism during the Second World War. L’Université Libre was reissued in 1940 and 1941.
In February 1942, Politzer was arrested along with his wife, Mai, who was also a resistance and communist. He was handed over to the Nazi occupiers on March 20, 1942 and underwent severe torture. He was executed by shooting on May 23, 1942, shortly after he began publishing an illegal French academic journal. His wife was sent to the Mai Auschwitz extermination camp and died there in March 1943.
It is said: Georges Politzer is above all Smile. The Smile of Challenge; Smile of the revolutionary, not of the rebellion; Laughter not of the anarchist, but of the marxist who openly mocks the forces of the old world to escape the condemnation of history. In chains, before Pucheu, even in the tortures of the Gestapo, Laughter of the victors; Smile of the victors in front of the firing squad.
Georges Politzer was born in 1903. He was born in Navyvarod, a small town in northern Hungary; but, at the age of 17, he had to leave this country, which had killed his father, who had fallen into the hands of a reactionary government. He had chosen France; it was a choice made by his mind and heart; because he was French from head to toe. No one has described the glimmer of French humor better than he. He learned the French language at his father’s home by reading Voltaire and Diderot; and spent five years winning all titles at the Quartier Latin, all the way to philosophy professor.
Georges Politzer had the gift of a genius philosopher. Just as his friend and torturer Jacques Solomon was an extraordinary expert in theoretical physics.
Politzer; No doubt it developed after 1926, when he was still striving in a kind of idealistic thought. He fought and moved forward by putting his teeth on his nails. At the end of the road, he encountered Marxism.
When the Workers’ University of Paris was established in the old buildings of Mathurin-Moreau in the early 1930s, there were many notable and even famous professors among its faculty, but no lecture excited students, workers, officials, and intellectuals more than the dialectical materialism lecture given by Georges Politzer. The most difficult problems, thanks to him, gained a clear and simple status. Without losing their philosophical order and theoretical prestige. A ruthless sarcasm also exposed the ambivalence of his opponents’ views. A scholar of Marx and Lenin, Politzer was a thinker armed with a deep culture and an irresistible talent as well as a formidable polemicist.
Today, Marxism has earned the right to be remembered at the university, and Marx and Lenin have entered the program of competitive examinations. There are huge university books on Soviet philosophy. But that was not the case forty years ago: Auguste Cornu appeared at the Sorbonne like a bogeyman, even an incurable child, when he was supporting a thesis on the formation of the ideas of the young Marx. The philosophical work of Georges Politzer, together with the research of Auguste Cornu, was the first important attempt to illuminate the major problems of philosophy in the light of dialectical materialism.
commemorated a young god with a halo with a purifying flame in 1929