Who is Georgi Valentinovich Plekhanov?June 25, 2021
Georgi Valentinovich Plekhanov (Геoргий Валентинович Плеханов) (1857-1918) Russian revolutionary and Marxist theorist. He was one of the first Russians to identify himself as an initiator of Russian Social-Democratic politics.
Continuing his political activities while working to end Russia’s Tsarist regime, Plekhanov was politically persecuted. In 1880 he emigrated to Switzerland. In World War I, Plekhanov gathered Allied forces against Germany and returned to Russia after the 1917 February Revolution.
Plekhanov took a hostile stance towards the Bolshevik party led by Lenin. However, Lenin gained power in the autumn of 1917. Plekhanov was an opponent of the Soviet regime. Plekhanov died of tuberculosis the following year.
Despite being a strong and outspoken opponent of Lenin’s political party during 1917, Plekhanov was confidently accepted by the Russian Communist Party after his death as an initiator and philosopher of Russian Marxism.
He contributed to Marxism in philosophy and on the role of art and religion in society. But he did not consider it in isolation from the political struggle. He founded the Emancipation of Labor Group and worked to organize workers as an independent political party. In his book Socialism and the Political Struggle (1883), in which he dealt with the importance of political struggle, he protected Marxism from the influence of anarchism and Narodnism. In addition, he corrected the meaning and translation errors in the Russian translation of the Communist Party Manifesto, which was made by Bakunin for the first time, with his own translation. Because of these works, Plekhanov is known as the person who brought Marxism to Russia.