Who is Giordano Bruno?

Who is Giordano Bruno?

June 25, 2021 Off By Felso

Giordano Bruno (born 1548, Italy, Nola – died February 17, 1600, Rome, Italy).

Giordano Bruno (1548 – 17 February, 1600). Italian philosopher. He is one of the most important philosophers who shaped the philosophy of the Renaissance and is the closest to literature in terms of poet. He may be called ‘the thinker of naturalistic enthusiasm’.

He was born in Nola, Italy, in 1548 to a noble family. At the age of sixteen he joined a cult called Dominican. When Bruno became acquainted with the Copernican system, he ceased to be a member of the sect and accordingly broke all ties with the Christian faith. He was accused of heresy because he took part in a system against the church. To escape the pressure of the Inquisition, he fled to Rome and then to Northern Italy.

Since he was accused of irreligion, he could not live anywhere permanently, he traveled constantly. He moved to Geneva, then continued his life in Southern France, Paris and London. In 1582 he obtained a chair at the Sorbonne University. He published some of his works in London. After going to Paris for a short time from London, Bruno went to Germany this time and continued his efforts to have his works published. After moving to Zurich, Bruno accepted this invitation when he was invited to Venice by an Italian aristocrat. Here he met Galileo Galilei. But when he clashed with this aristocrat named Mocenigo, he was handed over to the Inquisition by him. He was told that he would be forgiven by the church if he renounced his thoughts and accepted his view of the infinite universe as heresy. But despite all the torture he suffered, he did not compromise his views and was sentenced to death.

The judge, who informed Bruno of the death decision, received the following reply from him: “You are more afraid than me when you announce my death”. This decision of the church was fulfilled by the burning of Bruno alive in the Campo dei Fiori square in Rome in February 1600.

Bruno adopts the principle of the unity of the universe as well as the infinity of the universe. Accordingly, he rejects the separation of heaven and earth, which was taken as a basis in medieval philosophy. Bruno; It accepts that God and the universe are not two different substances, but two eternal aspects of the same reality. According to him, everything is the manifestation of divine power:

“I neither like to hide the truth that I see, nor am I afraid to express it in love. I have participated everywhere in the battle between light and darkness, between science and ignorance. Because of this, I have faced hardship everywhere and lived as a target in the anger of the obtuse majority, as well as official academics who are the fathers of ignorance. ”

Although he knew that it was very dangerous for him to express his thoughts, as can be understood from the above sentence, he always expressed his thoughts in this way in his writings and speeches.

Italian philosopher, priest, astronomer and occultist. He is one of the most important philosophers who shaped the philosophy of the Renaissance and is the closest to literature in terms of poet. He can also be called the thinker of naturalistic enthusiasm. The Italian philosopher, who was among the first to get rid of the Aristotelian closed universe view, defended Copernicus’ thesis. He said that the universe is infinite and homogeneous, and that there are many other planets in the universe other than earth. He was tried in the Inquisition court of the Roman Catholic Church in 1600, declared a heretic, and was burned alive in Rome because he harbored heretical views.

He was born in Nola, Italy, in 1548 to a noble family. At the age of sixteen he entered the Dominican order. When Bruno became acquainted with the Copernican system, he ceased to be a member of the sect and accordingly severed all ties with the Christian faith. He was accused of heresy because he took part in a system against the church. He fled to Rome and then to Northern Italy to escape the pressure of the Inquisition.

Since he was accused of irreligion, he could not live anywhere permanently, he traveled constantly. He moved to Geneva, then continued his life in Southern France, Paris and London. In 1582 he obtained a chair at the Sorbonne University. He published some of his works in London. After going to Paris for a short time from London, Bruno went to Germany this time and continued his efforts to have his works published. Later on, Bruno, who went to Zurich, accepted this invitation when he was invited to Venice by an Italian aristocrat. Here he met Galileo Galilei. But when he clashed with an aristocrat named Mocenigo, he was handed over to the Inquisition by him. He was told that he would be forgiven by the church if he renounced his thoughts and accepted his view of the infinite universe as heresy. But despite all the torture he suffered, he did not compromise his views and was sentenced to death.

Giordano Bruno, “God uses the good people on earth to dominate his will; the bad people on earth use God to dominate their will.” said…

The judge, who informed Bruno of the death decision, received the following reply from him: “When declaring my death