Who is Giorgio Agamben?June 25, 2021
an Italian political philosophy thinker and educator living today. He made a name for himself with his most important contributions on the concepts of “Homo sacer (sacred person)” and “state of exception (English)”, “notstand (German)”).
Agamben at the University of Venice IUAV in Italy; He is a professor at the “Collège International de Philosophie” in Paris, France, and at the “European Graduate School” in Saas-Fee, Switzerland. Previously, he was associate professor at the University of Macerata in Italy in 1988-1992 and at the University of Verona in 1993-2000. He was visiting professor and scholar at the University of California, Berkley, and Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois, in the United States, and Heinrich Heine University, Düsseldorf, Germany. “Get Rid of Yourself” to reflect his personal philosophical views on the violent protests that broke out for the G8 meeting in Genova, Italy in July 2001, and the analysis of the protests of the groups named “Black Bloc” and “Anarchist” that contributed significantly to it. He also played a leading role in an art movie called “.
Agamben received his higher education at the Sapienza University of Rome and completed his higher education in 1966 with an unpublished doctoral thesis on the philosophical ideas of Simone Weil. He participated and contributed to the “Le Thor” seminars on the philosophies of Heraclitus and Hegel given by the German philosopher Martin Heidegger in the 1966-1968 period. In the 1970s, he mainly worked on linguistics, philology, poetry and medieval culture. During this period, he also made important personal studies on the important concepts he later developed in the main subjects of political philosophy and aesthetics. He was a “Research Fellow” at the “Warburg Institute” in England, University of London in 1974-1975, and during this time he developed his ideas on his second book, “Stanzas” (pub. 1977).
Agamben has established close ties with the Italian poets “Giorgiao Caproni” and “Jose Bergamın”, Italian novelist Elsa Morante, novelist Italo Calvino, cinema director and poet Pier Paolo Pasolini, in the intellectual high society he is in. His important essays “Celebration of the Hidden Treasure” and “Parody” were published about Elsa Morenta. He was co-editor with Italo Calvino for “Einandi”, an important Italian publishing house, and the two planned to publish a magazine. He played the role of “Philip the Apostle” in Pier Paulo Pasolini’s movie “Il Vangelo secondo Matteo (The Second Gospel of Matthew)”. He also worked closely with important European philosophers such as Ingeborg Bachmann, Pierre Klossowski, Guy Debord, Jean-Luc Nancy, Jacques Derrida, Antonio Negri, Jean-François Lyotard and etc.
Contemporary philosophers Martin Heidegger and Walter Benjamin have been the most influential of Agamben’s main philosophical thoughts. Agamben edited and translated Walter Benjamin’s collected works volume by volume into Italian until 1996, explaining that he saw Benjamin’s philosophy as “an antidote to Heidegger’s very powerful influence”. In 1981, Agamben found manuscripts of Benjamin’s lost works in the archives of the National Library of France. It is understood that Benjamin gave these manuscripts to Georges Bataille while fleeing from the Nazis in Paris. It is understood that Benjamin’s essay, which is among these manuscripts, developed ideas very close to Agamben’s essay “On the Concept of History”, which he wrote much later. In the 1990s, Agamben entered into a debate with the German legal philosopher Carl Schmitt’s writings on political theory. Agamben worked on the development and deepening of the concepts revealed by the French philosopher Michel Foucault in the 2000s.
Agamben’s ideas on political philosophy are based on a reading of Aristotle’s Politics, “Nicomachus’ Ethics” and “On the Soul” and their interpretations in ancient and medieval times. Later, Agamben contributed to this philosophical discussion by publishing his ideas on the “Communauté désoeuvrée” and the concept of “community”, which was being developed by Jean-Luc Nancy, one of the French philosophers, in his work The Coming Community (1990).
Agamben’s most important contribution to philosophy is a series of essays and studies that started in 1995 and are considered to continue, examining the subject of Homo Sacer (Holy Man), which he developed as a contrast to Hannah Arendt and Foucault’s studies on totalitarianism and biopolitics. His works published today on this subject are:
homo sacer Il potere sovrano e la nuda vita, 1995 (Holy Man. Sovereign Power and Simple Life)
I. 1. Stato di eccezione, 2003 (Exception)
II. 2. Il regno e la gloria. Per una genealogia teologica dell’economia e del governo, 2007 (Administration and Magnificence: The fundamentals of economics and administration