Who is Gustav Theodor Fechner?June 25, 2021
German philosopher and naturalist. He defended the view that the universe is a whole made up of two interrelated substances, spirit and matter. He is the founder of experimental psychology. He was born on April 19, 1801 in Gross Sarhen, in Lusatia, near Muskav. After completing his primary and secondary education in the city where he was born, he studied biology, but later turned to mathematics and physics. Leibzig flour. He graduated from medical school. In 1931, he published his work Massbestimmungen über die galvanische kentte (Determination of the Mass of the Galvanic Chain) on direct current. First he made an identity card, then in 1934 he started to teach physics at the University of Leipzig, and in 1935 he became a professor of Physics. After a few years his health deteriorated, most likely the cause of his kumi blindness and hypersensitivity to light was his constant observation of the Sun during his work on artigy formation from 1839-40.
When he lost his sight in the experiments he carried out to examine light and color phenomena, he abandoned his laboratory studies and devoted himself to psychology and philosophy.
He has published articles on the phenomenon of colors and visual residue in vision, where he also dealt with the problem of mind and body. He gained his real fame with his work in the field of psychophysics and he wrote many works on this subject.
When his eyes began to see in 1946, he taught philosophy at the same faculty and revealed the spiritual physical law that bears his name. (“sensation” is the equivalent of the logarithm of stimulus. Thus, he did work that laid the foundations of psychological physics and also made him a pioneer in experimental aesthetics.
Especially in the field of psychology, he engaged in long-term observations and experiments. He argued that for psychology to have successful results, it should be based on experiment and cooperate in physics. He suggested that there is a complementary connection between spirit and body, and that only empirical psychology and physics can clarify this connection. Because of this method of working, he is considered the founder of experimental psychology.
After retiring from the university with a small salary, Fechner later embarked on in-depth studies on this subject in order to put philosophy on a scientific basis. In particular, with the addition of the German thinker Johann Friedrich Herbart, he adopted the idea of a living universe whose soul was created by God.
1. Turkish and World Celebrities, Vol. 4, 1987, p. 2106.
2. Great Cultural Encyclopedia, Volume 5, Başkent Publications, Ankara 1984, p. 1777.
3. Grolier International Americana Encyclopedia Vol 6, A. Ş. Publications 1993.