Who is Harold Garfinkel?June 25, 2021
Harold Garfinkel was born in the USA in 1917.
Although he worked with Talcott Parsons, he was influenced by phenomenological ideas, especially those of Alfred Schutz.
He completed his doctorate at Harvard University under the supervision of Talcott Parsons. Since his doctorate, the focus of all his work has been the structure of everyday life. It is accepted that he founded ethnomethodology as a separate sociological approach with his work titled Studies in Ethnomethodology published in 1967.
Harold Garfinkel (October 29, 1917 – April 21, 2011) was professor emeritus of sociology at the University of California (Los Angeles). He focused on the work of Aron Gurwitsch and Alfred Schütz and played a key role in the development of the phenomenological tradition in American sociology.
The development in his own tradition of ethnomethodology has been largely misunderstood. In contrast to the social constructivist form of phenomenological sociology, Garfinkel focuses more on radical phenomena than on many of the methods that have been explained. The advice of sociologists to break with assumptions of social order is often misunderstood.
He believes that social life must be chaotic or that the members of society are free individuals. However, this phenomenological pause (the break in phenomenological utterance) is only an analysis designed to bring social order into focus very clearly. He emphasizes the difficulties that exist for the generation of objective causes of social phenomena and the semiotics of language. These meanings, like causes, are flexible to shape those produced. Ethnomethodological studies take a wide variety of forms. In their content; discourse analysis; membership categorization study; fieldwork and activities studies.
Garfinkel’s Psychiatry Experiment
Prepared by: Sociologist Ömer Yıldırım