Who is Henry Thomas Buckle?

Who is Henry Thomas Buckle?

June 25, 2021 Off By Felso

Henry Thomas Buckle (1821-1862) was an English philosopher and historian.

Born on November 24, 1821, Buckle was unable to attend school for health reasons and was self-taught. He was among the best chess players in England before he was 20, and after his father’s death in 1840 he went on a long European tour. During this time, he made extensive historical studies. Buckle, who went to London in 1859 and then to Egypt and Jerusalem to conduct research, died in Damascus, unable to recover from typhoid fever.

Buckle, influenced by Mill’s understanding of phenomenology and Comte’s positivism, tried to show that historical development complies with universal laws. He pursued the aim of revealing the reasons that direct the development of society by the method of induction.

Buckle, assuming that there is a close relationship between social events and geographical conditions, argued that these conditions are the main factor in social development. According to him, all social events are determined by soil characteristics, climate, water resources and the state of streams. Buckle, on the one hand, opposed the view that social events were determined by God, on the other hand, he used his thoughts and theories to defend colonialism.

Prepared by: Sociologist Ömer YILDIRIM
Source: Omer YILDIRIM’s Personal Lecture Notes. Atatürk University Sociology Department 1st Year “Introduction to Philosophy” and 2nd, 3rd, 4th Grade “History of Philosophy” Lecture Notes (Ömer YILDIRIM); Open Education Philosophy Textbook