Who is Hildegard von Bingen from Bingen?June 25, 2021
German nun, spiritual leader, writer, composer and scientist, born September 16, 1098 and died September 17, 1179.
He was given as zakat to a church at the age of 8 due to the beliefs of his time, being the 10th child in the family, congenital illness, and perhaps political reasons. She started studying with a nun named Jutta and learned to read and write. He then began working with Volmar, a monk who would be influential for the rest of his life.
The most important feature of Saint Hildegard was that he wrote down everything he lived. She was very interested in science and research. He was constantly reading, writing and doing research in the church where he spent most of his life. Hildegard, who claimed to have “sight” from a very young age, states in her writings that she received an order from God in 1141. According to Hildegard, the god told him in 1141 to write down what he saw. However, he can now read the writings of all religious books and understand what God means. He explained this event in his own words: “…I was 42 years old and 7 months old. The gates of heaven opened and a blinding light of unprecedented brightness filled my whole brain. And then it kindled my whole heart and chest like a flame, it didn’t burn, it just warmed it… I understand what you mean…”
Maybe there are some who think that Hildegard’s being raised in the church from a very young age, being separated from her family and constantly being claimed to have spiritual powers affected Hildegard psychologically. In many cases, we see Hildegard waiting, sometimes for years, to act after receiving the signs she believes to be from God. She stated that during this period, she hesitated according to her own writings and questioned whether what she experienced was real. One way or another, Hildegard was a powerful artist, if not a saint. In addition, many herbal medicines that he brought to the world in the name of science are still used.
She is also one of the rare women who can make a name for herself in the world with her musical genius. Hildegard, the composer of the very famous oratorio known as Ordo Virtutum, that is, Order of the Virtues or Play of the Virtues, has also composed many other compositions.
The books he started to write about what he saw were scivias, or “Know The Way”, which he completed in 1151, Liber Vitae Meritorum, “Book of Life’s Merits”, which he completed in 1163, and Liber Divinorum Operum, also known as Operatione Dei, “Of God’s Activities”, or “Book of Divine Works”.
Hildegard is also the first person to deal with the subject of women in sex for the first time in world history. Despite being a nun, she also broke new ground in her books by describing what a woman feels while having sex, the changes in her body during her time with a man, and her mental and physical experiences.
Prepared by: Sociologist Ömer Yıldırım
Source: Atatürk University Sociology Department 1st Year “Introduction to Philosophy” and 2nd, 3rd, 4th Grade “History of Philosophy” Lecture Notes (Ömer YILDIRIM)