Who is Ibn Bajce?June 25, 2021
Ibn Bacce (ابن باجة) whose full name is Abu Bakr Muhammed bin Yahya bin es-Saig (أبو بكر محمد بن يحيى بن الصايغ) is an Andalusian, Arab philosopher and scientist. Also known as Avempace in the West.
It is known that Ibn Bacce, whose exact date of birth is unknown, was born in the city of Zaragoza (Saragosta) in Andalusia. His real name is Abu Bakr Muhammed b. es-Saig. He died in Morocco in 1138. There is not much information about the early periods of his life, but his thoughts and scientific researches are known thanks to the works he wrote in the later periods.
Ibn Bajce, a rationalist philosopher, was greatly influenced by Farabi, the important name of the Peripatetic group. Apart from philosophy, he was interested in astronomy, mathematics and music. Apart from these, he became one of the specialists of his time in medicine. Due to his various thoughts in metaphysics and philosophy, he was accused of irreligion by traditional religious authorities.
Islamic philosophy, who migrated to the West because of not adopting the thoughts of Gazzali and Ash’aris, was continued among the Andalusian Arabs, especially by Ibn Bacce. Most of the works he wrote are commentaries on the systems of Western and Eastern philosophers before him. In particular, he has many works of commentary on Aristotle’s philosophical system.
Ibn Bacce described entities as numbers in his thought. Numbers are also divided into two: those with a size (size) and those without a size. In Ibn Bacce’s thought, movements are also divided into two: certain movements of living things related to certain events (like human walking) and absolute movements (like the rotation of stars). According to Ibn Bacce, absolute movements are eternal and are divided into two; circular ones and straight ones.
Ibn Bacce’s idea of God is a mystical view. He also opposed the idea of al-Ghazali, arguing that he could reach divine knowledge with reason. According to Ibn Bacce, the only means of obtaining knowledge is the mind. Knowledge gained through experimentation has no value. As can be understood from these, the philosopher attaches great importance to the mind and his philosophy has an extremely rational character.
Ibn Bajce’s rational thought greatly influenced the two great Andalusian philosophers, Ibn Tufayl and Ibn Rushd, who came after him.
Ibn Bacce was also interested in political philosophy and included political philosophy in his system. Utopia in his political thought is an elite. In the utopian society, every individual leads a healthy life and is connected to those around him with strong bonds of love. Starting from this point, Ibn Bacce stated that there would be no need for physicians and judges in this society he thought.
Source: Atatürk University Department of Sociology Lecture Notes for Grade 1 “Introduction to Philosophy” and Grade 3 “History of Contemporary Philosophy” (Ömer YILDIRIM)