Who is James Clerk Maxwell?

Who is James Clerk Maxwell?

June 25, 2021 Off By Felso

Scottish theoretical physicist and mathematician.

His most important achievement was proved by his Maxwell Equations (4 equations) that electricity and magnetism, which had previously appeared to be unrelated to each other, are the same thing in the classical electromagnetic theory. These equations are used in the electric, magnetic and optical fields. Thanks to Maxwell’s Equations, classical equations and laws in this field have been simplified. Maxwell’s work in the electromagnetic field has been called the “second great unification in physics”, the first of which was carried out by Isaac Newton.

Maxwell found that electric and magnetic fields travel in the form of waves through space at a constant speed of light. In 1864, Maxwell published the book A Dynamical Theory of the Electromagnetic Field. In this book, it was mentioned for the first time that light actually makes waves in the same medium, and that these are electrical and magnetic findings. His model of electromagnetism, in which he combined the electric force with the magnetic force, is considered one of the most important developments in physics.

Maxwell is also one of the developers of the Maxwell-Boltzmann Distribution, which statistically explains the kinetic theory of gases. These two discoveries started a new era in modern physics and contributed to the start of special relativity and quantum mechanics. Maxwell is also known for creating the first true color photograph in 1861 and for his work on the rigidity (Rigidity) of the rod-joint systems that make up the structure of many bridges.

He is seen by many physicists as the person who lived in the 19th century and made the greatest contribution to 20th century physics. Maxwell’s contributions to science are equated with those of Isaac Newton and Albert Einstein. In the millennium voting held in late 1999 with 100 prominent physicists, Maxwell was ranked 3rd among the best physicists of all time, after Einstein and Newton. In 1931, Einstein described Maxwell’s work at Maxwell’s birthday as “the most fruitful and most important work in physics after Newton”. Einstein had hung a photograph of Michael Faraday and Isaac Newton, as well as Maxwell, on the wall of his study.