Who is Jean Baudrillard?June 25, 2021
Paris , famous French philosopher/sociologist. He is famous for his work on Media Theory, Poststructuralist philosophy, and postmodernism.
He was born in France as the child of a civil servant. He studied German at the Sorbonne University, being the first in his family to have gone to university.
After graduation, he taught German in educational institutions for a while. During this period in the 1950s-1960s, the Algerian problem greatly affected his life and thought. During this period when she taught German, she continued her doctoral thesis (on sociology). He finished his doctoral thesis in 1966, the title of his thesis was “Thèse de troisième cycle: Le Système des objets”.
In September 1966, he became an assistant at the Université de Paris-X Nanterre (University of Nanterre – Paris-X). Influenced by the student actions of 1968, he became interested in Structural Marxism and media theories. In 1972, he started teaching sociology at the same university as a professor. From 1987 to 1990 he worked at the Université de Paris-IX Dauphine (Dauphine University – Paris-X). “The genocide suffered by Muslims in the former Yugoslavia is a stage in the evolution of the New European Order. Serbs, the perpetrators of ‘ethnic cleansing’, are pioneering a newly formed Europe.” (Lettre magazine, Winter 2005)
His rejection of today’s political and ideological currents has led to an increase in his reputation. He has done many important works so far. He created the theory of simulation and wrote striking lines on the mass mind. His thoughts and works on consumption made him famous. His criticisms of the media and mass media are as striking as his other thoughts. With his explanations on the First Gulf War, he interpreted the formation and effects of the Gulf War in a different way from an intellectual point of view. The emergence of the simulation universe II. It is linked to the consequences of World War II. According to Baudrillard II. After World War II, the right began to fulfill the functions of the left; that is, the principle of the social state emerged. In addition, the decisiveness of the industry and agriculture sectors fell behind the decisiveness of the communication and services sectors. These data caused a kind of stagnation in the west and the west started to rotate around its own axis. This turning around process has resulted in the emptying of concepts. Now, every concept flows from televisions, people cannot think deeply about anything thanks to this comfort provided by technology, and the inanimate mass media created to ensure communication have become an independent entity out of the function assigned to them, that is, from being a mediator. The individual, on the other hand, watches this situation in desperation; He is aware of everything, but does not want to compromise his comfort. To take Baudrillard’s example: The individual watches the Sudanese civil war on television with the same insensitivity as any toilet paper advertisement. Even if the civil war in Sudan continued after he turned off the TV, it was over for him. This universe in which the individual lives is the simulation universe. Everything consists of images and is lifeless.