Who is Jean Bodin?June 25, 2021
French political philosopher. He is known for his ideal theory of the state that balances king and parliament in a democratic monarchy based on divine right and having absolute legislative power that can only be limited by natural law.
Bodin was accepted into the Carmelite order in Angers in the summer of 1546. Three years later he was sent to the sect’s school in Paris to complete his education. In 1551, for unknown reasons, his oath of allegiance was allowed to be voided, and Bodiri went to the University of Toulouse to study civil law. He remained in Toulouse as a student and teacher until 1361.
That year, at the outbreak of the civil war between Catholics and Huguenots (French Protestants), he quit teaching law and returned to Paris as an avocat du roi (lawyer for the kingdom). In 1571 he became advisor to the king’s brother, François, duke of Alençon; He met people in the administration and diplomatic services. In 1576, he entered the 6tat Generaux (National Assembly) meeting in Blois as the representative of the people from Vermandois.
This event led to the disgrace of the kingdom. He advocated negotiations instead of declaring war on the Huguenots. He also opposed the renunciation of the royal land because it would harm the monarchy. The demands of the noble and clergy; He defended the rights of the Tiers Etat by not adopting it. Upon the death of the duke of Alençon in 1583, he withdrew to Laon as procurateur (governor) of the kingdom. He died here of the plague thirteen years later.
His major work, Six Livres de la Republique (1576; Six Books of the Republic), influenced the 17th-century English philosopher Thomas Hobbes.
With the political model in Bodin’s book, he emphasized a civil order based on obedience to a ruler who knew the needs of citizens. In order to avoid anarchy between Catholics and Huguenots similar to that experienced in the sixteenth-century religious wars, he considered it necessary to respect government decisions. Bodin’s other writings include a critical study of history (1566) to identify universal legal principles, and a comparative study of religions, which sees religions as intrinsically the ethical norm behind human behavior and argues that they should be grounded in the Ten Commandments.
The life and works of Jean Bodin
Jean Bodin’s concept and understanding of authority
Jean Bodin’s political philosophy
Jean Bodin’s concept of sovereignty
What is Jean Bodin’s ideal management approach?
Prepared by: Sociologist Ömer YILDIRIM
Source: Omer YILDIRIM’s Personal Lecture Notes. Atatürk University Sociology Department 1st Year “Introduction to Philosophy” and 2nd, 3rd, 4th Grade “History of Philosophy” Lecture Notes (Ömer YILDIRIM); Open Education Philosophy Textbook