Who is Jean-Paul Marat?June 25, 2021
Jean-Paul Marat (24 May 1743 – 13 July 1793) was a French scientist and physician.
He is known for his radical attitude during the French Revolution. He is one of the Jacobin club revolutionaries. He published a newspaper called L’ami du peuple, which means Friend of the People in Turkish. He had an ardent warrior personality. Although he was tried in the revolution court by the Girondin Party for supporting terrorism, he was acquitted with the great support of the people and his speaking skill.
When the trial was over, he was put on a board and carried on his shoulders and shouted “I want the heads of 100 thousand people”. After the Jacobins became more and more powerful, the Girondin power further increased the deep friction. He was stabbed to death in his bathroom by a pro-Girondinist woman named Charlotte Corday, to prevent the terror that would increase between the two parties in the country. Her aim was reconciliation because Marat was becoming more and more violent. His body was taken to La Pantheon and then dumped into the sewers during Thermidor. Jean Paul Marat is one of the most important men of thought and action of the French Revolution, along with Robespierre, and is a member of Montagnard.
Paul Marat was presented to the Revolutionary Court by the Girondes on April 13, 1793, but was acquitted the next day. The people who came to welcome him wore a laurel crown and carried it on their shoulders.
Prepared by: Sociologist Ömer Yıldırım
Source: Atatürk University Sociology Department 1st Year “Introduction to Philosophy” and 2nd, 3rd, 4th Grade “History of Philosophy” Lecture Notes (Ömer YILDIRIM)