Who is John Philoponus?June 25, 2021
Johannes Philoponus is a philosopher who lived in Anatolia, who interpreted the philosophy of Aristotle and gained fame with his criticisms against Neo-Platonism.
Not much is known about Philoponus’ early life, except that he worked with the Aristotelian philosopher Ammonius Hermiae in Alexandria. The methods of Philoponus, a philosopher and naturalist, were shaped around Christian beliefs. Arguing that the universe had an absolute beginning and that this beginning was revealed by God, he paved the way for investigative methods as an important source of inspiration for future scientists and especially the Italian Galileo Galilei. Philoponus, who was not very popular among his colleagues, later turned away from philosophy and turned to theology.
Philoponus, who worked on Neo-Platonism in the first years of his interest in philosophy, later dealt with the works of Plato and Aristotle, taught philosophy and grammar around Cappadocia, the region where he was born for a while, and in order to engage in more comprehensive studies, he was the greatest science and philosophy of the period. He went to Alexandria, one of the centers. Due to his studies in the field of grammar, he is also known as “grammar” in the history of thought.
Philoponus’ philosophical studies are gathered in two groups as comments and explanations and other criticisms. Philoponus, who made his comments and explanations on the philosophy of Plato and Aristotle, was also influential in the spread of the views of these two Greek philosophers in later ages. His critical writings are about Neo-Platonism. In these, he aimed to refute the arguments of Plotinos and his successors by using a dialectical method. In his comments on Aristotle, he criticizes the views of Aristotelian philosophers and argues that Aristotle’s thoughts on the active moment are misunderstood.
It is believed that Philoponus, who was born in the village of Kasarca in the Cappadocia region of Anatolia, died in Alexandria.
Prepared by: Sociologist Ömer YILDIRIM
Source: Omer YILDIRIM’s Personal Lecture Notes. Atatürk University Sociology Department 1st Year “Introduction to Philosophy” and 2nd, 3rd, 4th Grade “History of Philosophy” Lecture Notes (Ömer YILDIRIM); Open Education Philosophy Textbook