Who is Joseph Arthur Comte de Gobineau?June 25, 2021
(born July 14, 1816, Ville-d’Avray, Paris; died October 13, 1882, Turin) was a French diplomat and writer.
He is best known for his Essays on the Difference of Human Races (French: Essai sur l’Inegalite de Races Humaine, English: An Essay on the Inequality of the Human Races), in which he collected letters written in 1853 and 1855, which is famous for the development of the theory of Racism regarding the Aryan race.
Adolf Hitler and the Nazism he founded, although Gobineau was not antisemitic, modeled much of his ideology. Adopting Gobineau’s ideas, the Nazis forced Nietzsche’s ideas to be rewritten and reinterpreted his own.
Just before Gobineau’s death, he visited Bayreuth in Bavaria, Germany. There he influenced the development of the antisemitic Bayreuth circle.
Arthur de Gobineau died in Turin on 13 October 1882.
According to Baha’iism, Gobineau is the person who obtained all of the first historical manuscripts of the Babi faith in the Persian Empire, written by Bahaullah Mirza Hussein Ali, who was sentenced to death in 1852. The manuscripts are preserved in the French National Library in Paris (French: Bibliothèque nationale de France).
Gobineau also wrote his major work, Les Pléiades, in 1874. His 1877 work, Renaissance (French: La Renaissance), is nowadays acclaimed. Both works reflect his new aristocratic politics and view of democratic popular culture.
Gobineau believes he is a descendant of the Nordic Vikings and Renaissance mercenaries.
Gobineau was also a big Greek fan. He wrote The Kingdom of the Greeks at the End of the 19th Century, an important document of the original Greek State.
Source: Atatürk University Department of Sociology Lecture Notes for Grade 1 “Introduction to Philosophy” and Grade 3 “History of Contemporary Philosophy” (Ömer YILDIRIM)