Who is Kurt Lewin?June 25, 2021
He was an American psychologist and sociologist who lived from September 9, 1890 to February 12, 1947.
Lewin was born into an Orthodox family in Mogilno, a small village in what is now Poland. He was one of four children of a middle-class family. His parents immigrated to Berlin so that their children could receive a better education. After his primary education, Lewin first entered the University of Freiburg to study medicine and then the University of Munich to study biology. During this period, she joined the developing socialist movements and took part in women’s rights movements. He then continued his medical studies at the Royal Friedrich-Wilhelms University.
Lewin, who participated in the First World War as a regular soldier, was wounded in the war and returned to Germany to complete his education at the University of Berlin and completed his doctorate at the nu school.
She is known as the founder of social psychology. According to social psychology, the behavior of the individual is determined by a whole that includes the subject and his environment and is based on the relations between them. This whole, which covers all the events that affect the individual, whether physical or social, conscious or unconscious, plays the role of a “dynamic field”; in this respect, any human or animal behavior is an effort to restore a disturbed balance between the individual and his environment; this balance disorder manifests itself as “tension”. The forces arising from these tensions are used to influence the inner psychological field of the subject, the wills, wishes, etc. of the surrounding subjects. or in the form of plus or minus values of surrounding objects. In this respect, individual psychology and social psychology are thought of as a constant reciprocal reaction.
Also please see:
– What is field theory?
Prepared by: Sociologist Ömer YILDIRIM
Source: Omer YILDIRIM’s Personal Lecture Notes. Atatürk University Sociology Department 1st Year “Introduction to Philosophy” and 2nd, 3rd, 4th Grade “History of Philosophy” Lecture Notes (Ömer YILDIRIM); Open Education Philosophy Textbook