Who is Lawrence Kohlberg?June 25, 2021
He was an American psychologist and thinker who lived from October 25, 1927 to January 19, 1987.
Born in Bronxville, New York, USA, Kohlberg grew up in a wealthy family and attended the Philips Academy, one of the most famous private schools of the time. After completing his high school education, Lawrence Kohlberg completed his military service in World War II. He worked as an engineer on a commercial freighter during World War II. After the war, he started his undergraduate education in the psychology department of the University of Chicago in 1948, and completed it in one year with high success. After graduating from university, when considering working in clinical psychology or law; The work of the Swiss developmental psychologist Jean Piaget on the moral reasoning of children and adolescents has attracted a lot of attention.
Thereupon, he stayed at the same university for graduate education and conducted research and studies on this subject. He completed his doctoral thesis in 1958, in which Piaget developed the two-process moral development system as a six-stage system extending from early childhood to mature adulthood. He later served as a faculty member in the psychology department at Yale and Chicago Universities. Later, he started working at the Harvard Graduate School of Education in 1968. During his cross-cultural research in Belize, Central America in 1971, he contracted a tropical disease and struggled with severe depression for 16 years due to his illness. He left the Massachusetts Hospital, where he was being treated, on January 19, 1987, and committed suicide by jumping into the Atlantic ocean.
Also please see:
What is the moral education approach?
Kohlberg’s theory of moral development
Discussions on moral dilemmas in education
Fair society organization in education
Prepared by: Sociologist Ömer YILDIRIM
Source: Omer YILDIRIM’s Personal Lecture Notes. Atatürk University Sociology Department 1st Year “Introduction to Philosophy” and 2nd, 3rd, 4th Grade “History of Philosophy” Lecture Notes (Ömer YILDIRIM); Open Education Philosophy Textbook