Who is Lorenzo Valla?June 25, 2021
Lorenzo Valla is an educational orator, one of the pioneers of humanism.
He was born in Piacenza, near Rome, in 1407, as a member of a noble family where people who held important positions were brought up. He studied ancient Greek language and philosophy in Rome and worked as a teacher in Pavia until 1433.
He settled in Naples in 1437 and established close friendships with King Alfonso of Aragon. Later, he was brought to important positions in Rome. In addition, Lorenzo Valla, who translated the works of ancient Greek thought into Latin, died on August 1, 1457 in Rome, Italy.
Lorenzo Valla was also interested in Christianity and tried to reconcile it with Greco-Roman thought. According to Valla, the human will is free and not limited to divine knowledge. Memory and judgment are under the control of the will. It is not possible to benefit from the teachings of Aristotle and Plato in the solution of these problems.
According to him, the most reliable source is the essence of Christianity. Morality has two basic problems, one good and one bad. The source of the good is the love of God, and that of the bad is hatred. The happiness of man is in the search for the real good and the pride he feels to reach it. Goodness can be achieved by turning away from all temporary objects, with love for the creator.
The basis of Valla’s view on humanism is the freedom and belief of man, who is a being of will. All human values focus on this element. His actions, behaviors, achievements and relations with individuals in the society he lives in are connected with freedom and belief.
Prepared by: Sociologist Ömer Yıldırım