Who is Louis de Broglie?

Who is Louis de Broglie?

June 25, 2021 Off By Felso

Louis de Broglie is a famous physicist known mainly for his contributions to the field of quantum mechanics in physics.

Quantum mechanics, on the other hand, can be explained as a sub-branch of physics research, which studies the behavior of particles at atomic and subatomic levels. It is enough to say that since its emergence at the beginning of the 20th century, quantum mechanics has led to the emergence of many modern inventions such as computers, personal electronic devices and lasers, which are widely used today, to show the importance of the work of Broglie and other researchers and that these researches offer solutions to very complex secrets.

Louis De Broglie; He was born as the son of Victor, the 5th duke of de Broglie, and a grandson of Madame de Staël. In 1960, Louis became the seventh duke of de Broglie when his elder brother, the sixth duke Maurice de Broglie, who was also a physicist, died without leaving an heir. Louis de Broglie never married, so when he died in Louveciennes he was succeeded by his distant cousin, Victor-François de Broglie. De Broglie initially planned on a career as a humanist and received his first degree in history. However, he later turned his attention to mathematics and physics. With the outbreak of World War I in 1914, he offered his service to the army for the development of radio communications. The hypothesis that a moving particle is accompanied by a wave belongs to Louis de Broglie.

Louis de Broglie was born on 15 August 1892 in Dieppe, France. His family is a French aristocratic family in the classical sense. Although young Louis first completed his university education in the history department of the famous Sorbonne University, his interest soon turned to basic sciences and he graduated with a degree in physics in 1913. It can be assumed that his brother had a significant influence on the young Louis’ interest in this field. So much so that Broglie’s brother, Mauric, is a physicist himself, and he also conducted experimental atomic physics experiments in a home laboratory he had set up in his own mansions. However, unlike his brother, Louis was more interested in the theoretical side of physics than the experimental side.

At this point, his elder brother’s mention of the studies by Max Planck and Albert Einstein, who carried out studies that were very popular in academic circles at that time, also had a significant impact on his orientation to physics. Broglie, who was influenced by the work of these great scientists, also wanted to conduct studies in the field of atomic physics. In addition, Louis de Broglie joined the French army during the First World War, which broke out in his youth, and served in the radio tower of the Eiffel Tower. It was precisely during this task that Broglie realized that physics could also be evaluated from a technical point of view.

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– Broglie’s career and contributions to science

Louis de Broglie devoted the rest of his life and career to the study of wave mechanics, which he founded in 1924 with his revolutionary theory. In addition, he has served in a number of important roles in French scientific circles. For example, he was appointed permanent secretary for mathematical sciences to the French Academy of Sciences in 1942, and after 1945 he served as a consultant to the French Atomic Energy Commission.

In addition to Broglie’s important role in the science and physics community, he is also known to have an interest in the role of science in modern society and its philosophical advice. Depending on his interest in the philosophy of science, he wrote and published many articles on science and social life. He was also recognized by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, which awarded him the Kalinga Award in 1952 for his work. Louis de Broglie died in France on March 19, 1987, at the age of 94.

Prepared by: Sociologist Ömer YILDIRIM
Source: Omer YILDIRIM’s Personal Lecture Notes. Atatürk University Sociology Department 1st Year “Introduction to Philosophy” and 2nd, 3rd, 4th Grade “History of Philosophy” Lecture Notes (Ömer YILDIRIM); Open Education Philosophy Textbook