Who is Ludwig Andreas Feuerbach?

Who is Ludwig Andreas Feuerbach?

June 25, 2021 Off By Felso

Ludwig Andreas Feuerbach (1804 – 1872) German philosopher and moralist. He became famous for his influence on Marx and for his humanistic theology views.

The first thinker of 19th century German materialism, Feuerbach’s main work is The Essence of Christianity. Feuerbach, whose philosophy or counter-philosophy developed in the form of a humanism and naturalism, and his critique of religion, expressing the unconscious reflection of the truths about humanity, first started philosophy by adopting Hegel’s objective idealism, but later became on the side of materialism in the opposition of spiritualism-materialism.

He was born on July 28, 1804 in Landshut, Bavaria. He died in Rechenberg on September 13, 1872.

Ludwig Feuerbach, the fourth son of the jurist Paul von Feuerbach, left his theology studies to study philosophy with Hegel for 2 years in Berlin. In 1828, he went to Erlangen to study natural science. Two years later, he published his first book, “Gedanken über Tod und Unsterblichkeit”, unsigned a year before Hegel’s death.

He published “The Essence of Christianity” in 1839. At that time German thinkers were discussing Hegel. Spiritualists were pulling him into the field of spiritism, and materialists were pulling him into the field of materialism. He had transgressed Kant’s prohibition and entered the realm of the absolute. He advocated the primacy of thought over nature.

Materialists, too, were interested in saying that the absolute, the first and last truth with which human thought deals, is not above nature but within nature. He was a dialectician like Heraclitus. These reconciliations would gradually reach the consciousness of existence with new oppositions and new reconciliations. This attainment was the result of true freedom. He would be enlightened by the attainment of self-consciousness of the absolute being.

Philosophical systems that thought they had solved all problems were falling apart. The ration that Kant had limited was liberating again. The underrated reason was approaching the truth with the dialectical method by being affected by what it affects.

Feuerbach “Principles of the Philosophy of the Future” was published 13 years after Hegel. But as a physiologist, a naturalist understands, it is not the structure of being itself. I am with materialism behind, but not together in the future.”

He wants to replace the religions he destroyed with the religion of love. He is an idealist based on matter. He treats love not as a material attraction, but as an ideal of humanity. Like Hegel, he finds the dialectic not in matter but in thought. “People are your love, true religion is in your love. Your being will be shaped by your love.”

According to him, the truth of religion is love. Previously, humans created gods who were fantastic reflections of their attributes; but the gods were not enough to establish the order of humanity. However, according to Feuerbach, what will establish this order is the dependence of people towards other people. This commitment reaches its most perfect form in love. Especially sexual love is the most concentrated form of this emotional human attachment. Various tendencies, such as friendship, pity, renunciation, ecstasy, are various manifestations of love, whose perfection is manifested in sexual love. All problems between people will be solved by the power of love. Love must be sanctified. People will thus be relieved of all their suffering. Religion comes from the Latin word Religare, which means to bind. So, the first meaning of the word religion is bond. Therefore, every bond between people is a religion. The etymological meaning of the word religion reveals the truth. But this religion is not based on a spiritual basis, but on a materialist basis. The basis is nature. Like everything else, religion is a product of nature. The basis of the structure of being is matter, but it is thought itself. Being comes out of matter, but develops and comes into being with the spirit. The game of items is over.

According to Feuerbach, god is a projection of the human mind. According to him, unlike the objects that are the subject of sense data and thus exist outside of us (independently of us), God, the object of religious belief, is inside man.

According to him, the tendency to happiness is a natural tendency of human nature. The tendency to happiness at birth is a natural tendency of human nature. Man is born with a tendency to happiness at birth. Hence the morality of the happiness disposition. This is also why the basis of every morality should be the tendency to happiness. But the tendency to happiness cannot, of course, be left unattended. There are two natural constraints that regulate it:

The consequences of our actions on ourselves: If we leave our happiness inclination unattended, for example, if we drink too much, we get sick. In this way, we limit our own inclination because of ourselves.

The results of our actions in society: If we leave our happiness inclination unattended, we will enter others’ happiness tendencies. In this state, others subvert our happiness tendencies by defending our own happiness tendencies. In this way, we limit our own inclination, again because of ourselves.

Both ourselves and