Who is Lycophron (Lycophron)?June 25, 2021
Lychophron, one of the late sophists, is the first representative of the theory of the transition of human from the natural state to the civilized state, that is, the theory of social contract, which Thomas Hobbes will put forward in the New Age.
Lycophron says that there was no moral rule or law in the pre-social period of man, and that the site emerged not naturally, but with a common contract of people. In Plato’s state, Glaucon explains this view, which he states does not belong to him, with the following words:
“To do injustice in nature is good, to be wronged is a bad thing. Those who suffer injustice are more than those who do injustice. People have felt the pleasure of one and the pain of the other when they have been wronged. They thought of reaching an agreement, they made a law, so that no one will be wronged or wronged. They said that what the law commands and what is in accordance with the law is true. This is the source of righteousness.”
Lykophron is another name involved in the debate about what is natural and what is not for man. According to Lykhophron, although the contrary is claimed by the laws, if nature is in question, it is good to be unfair to others, and it is bad to be wronged (State, 358e-359a).
Prepared by: Sociologist Ömer YILDIRIM
Source: Omer YILDIRIM’s Personal Lecture Notes. Atatürk University Sociology Department 1st Year “Introduction to Philosophy” and 2nd, 3rd, 4th Grade “History of Philosophy” Lecture Notes (Ömer YILDIRIM); Open Education Philosophy Textbook