Who is Maimenides (Maimenides)?June 25, 2021
Maimonides (this is the Turkish version from Arabic, the original is Ibn Mamun in Arabic) or the Jewish thinker who lived between 1135-1204, known by his real name Moses Maimuni (Latinized as Moses Maimenides) or Rambam.
Maimonides, who tried to harmonize Judaism with Aristotelian philosophy, said that metaphysics is the highest form of human activity, but that it is not open to everyone. Maimonides, who claimed that only philosophy could reach a solid and real understanding of the nature of God and the world, proved the existence of God entirely on the basis of the principles laid down by Aristotle.
Ibn Rushd, the first true Aristotelian of the Middle Ages, was followed by a “Jewish” philosopher named Moses Maimuni (Latin pronunciation: Miamonides, Eastern pronounced: Ibn Ma’mun), who had a great influence on a certain period of the Middle Ages. For Maimuni, the “real philosopher” is Aristotle, and no one has come as close to the truth as Aristotle.
Likewise, he believes that Christianity and other religions can be interpreted with Aristotelianism. Together with Maimuni Ibn Rushd, he says that there is no significant difference between religion and philosophy, but that religion is thought more with mnemonics and philosophy with concepts.
Maimuni goes beyond Ibn Rushd at some points and surpasses him. According to Maimuni, wherever religion and philosophy “difference”, it is necessary to believe more in philosophy. In other words: When there is a conflict between the religious rules based on revelation and philosophical knowledge, religion should be regarded as “symbolic”. Here, we must say that for the first time we encountered the concept of “religion based on reason”.
“I believe in order to understand,” said Clemens of Alexandria. According to Maimuni, religion based on faith alone is only a first stage. After that, a religion based on reason will be born. Only religious rules, which are in the form of philosophical knowledge, can lead us to sacred truths. Maimuni, like Ibn Rushd, is one of the representatives of real Aristotelianism, which will later become the basis of the heyday of Scholasticism.