Who is Manlius Severinus Boethius?June 26, 2021
Boethius (480-524), Roman philosopher. His full name is Anicius Manlius Severinus Boethius.
When he lost his father, a former Roman consul, at a young age, his adoption by Quintus Aurelius Memmius Symmachus, an important statesman and family friend, enabled him to receive a very good education from childhood and to rise rapidly in the state ranks.
Thanks to his family’s noble name and good education, Boethius was quick to gain the trust of the king of the time, Theodoricus Magnus (Theodoricus the Great). In 510 AD, at the age of about thirty, he was elected consul in Rome, and in 520 he was appointed by the king to a privileged and honorable position as Magister Officiorum.
The distrust that emerged among the rulers of Rome at that time dragged the society into an increasing depression, both politically and religiously, and even led to the beginning of events that would turn his life into a nightmare, and to create an atmosphere of suspicion that would expose him to be accused of traitor.
Boethius, who lived a very comfortable life in the Ravenna Palace, became a good friend of his adoptive Symmachus and married his daughter Rusticana. The joy of the family doubled when his two sons, named Symmachus and Boethius, were elected consul in 522. But this did not last long. The feelings of hostility towards Boethius in the Senate intensified, and the seeds of doubt that his rivals had instilled in the King were quick to bear fruit. Boethius was accused of being a victim of treacherous plots and of intermingling with those plotting to assassinate Theodoricus.
Misfortunes began with the impeachment of Boethius’ close friend, senator Albinus. The accusation was because Theodoricus had used derogatory expressions to those around Albinus’ Eastern Roman Emperor. Among his accusers was his special adviser Cyprianus. Although Albinius denied the accusations, the Emperor believed wholeheartedly. As a result of these events, Boethius appeared before the Emperor and defended Albinius against Cyprianus, and that if Albinus, a valuable senator of Rome, committed this crime, he and the Senate would be deemed to have participated in this crime, and this would never be possible. stated that it could not. While this malicious rhetoric was expected to be perceived as an honest explanation by Theodoracis, he, on the contrary, misinterpreted Boethius’ words, thus beginning the process that prepared the end of Boethius.
After this announcement, when the Emperor thought that it was not only Albinus who made plans for the assassination, but that Boethius and Senatus were partners in the same plan, Boethius was also arrested. The Senate, defended by Boethius, did not treat him like that at all, and even gave him no defense, and immediately issued a death sentence. Boethius, who upset the lives of both himself and his family because of his momentary courage, made the defense that he could not make in court in his work called Consolatio.
It is written in the records of Boethius’ death that he died in agony after suffering great tortures. A string over his forehead was stretched until his eyes popped out of their sockets, and he was then beaten to death with a thick stick.
His most important work is Consolatio Philosophiae, which was translated into Turkish under the name of Philosophy’s Consolation.
The life and works of Boethius
What is goddess philosophy?
Boethius’ understanding of God and religion
Boethius’ understanding of being and knowledge
Boethius’ understanding of philosophy and parts of philosophy
Prepared by: Sociologist Ömer YILDIRIM
Source: Omer YILDIRIM’s Personal Lecture Notes. Atatürk University Sociology Department 1st Year “Introduction to Philosophy” and 2nd, 3rd, 4th Grade “History of Philosophy” Lecture Notes (Ömer YILDIRIM); Open Education Philosophy Textbook