Who is Marcel Proust?

Who is Marcel Proust?

June 26, 2021 Off By Felso

French novelist, essayist and critic. His best-known work is À la recherche du temps perdu (In Turkish, In Search of Lost Time), published between 1913 and 1927, in 7 volumes, which is considered one of the greatest works of the 20th century.

Proust was born in Auteuil, on the south side of Paris, at his great-uncle’s home, two years after the Frankfurt Agreement formally ended the Franco-Russian Wars. His birth took place in the atmosphere of violence as a result of the suppression of the Paris administration, and his childhood passed when the Third Republicans took office. In Search of Lost Time is about the great social changes that took place under the Third Republicans, which coincided with the collapse of the aristocracy and the rise of the middle class.

Proust’s father, Achille Adrien Proust, was a pathologist and epidemiologist tasked with investigating the causes and spread of cholera in Europe and Asia. He was the author of many articles and books on medicine and hygiene. Proust’s mother, Jeanne Clémence Weil, was the daughter of a wealthy and highly cultured Jewish family from Alsace. It is known from the letters that her mother, an educated and cultured woman, wrote her good sense of humor and proficient English.

At the age of nine, Proust had his first severe asthma attack. After this age, he was always considered a sick child. He spent most of his childhood vacationing on a farm in Illiers. This village, along with his uncle’s house in Auteuil, provided the model for the fictional village of Combray, which is often featured in In Search of Lost Time.

In 1882, at the age of 11, he enrolled in the Proust Lycée Condorcet high school, but his education was interrupted by illness. Despite this, he managed to come to the fore with his literary talent and received an award in his last year. Thanks to his classmates, he was able to enter the halls of the high-bourgeois class, where he was able to obtain valuable resources for In Search of Lost Time.

Despite his poor health, Proust served in the French army for one year (1889–90). He spent this one year in Orléans at Coligny Caserne. He talks about this experience at length in Guermante’s Way, which is the third part of his novel. As a young lad, Proust was fond of fun and his life was far from the disciplined life of a writer. During this period, his reputation as a snob and an amateur led to great difficulties in getting the first chapter of his great novel, The Swann’s Side, published (1913).

Proust had a close relationship with his mother. His father, on the other hand, was pressing him to pursue a permanent career. In response to his father’s wishes, he took a volunteer job at the Bibliothèque Mazarine library in the summer of 1896. After struggling for a while, he managed to get a sick leave that would last for years. Proust, who never had a job, continued to live in the family home until his parents died.

A homosexual, Proust was the first European novelist to openly and at length in his works the theme of homosexuality.

When the Dreyfus affair began in 1894, Marcel Proust was among the Dreyfus supporters. He received his bachelor’s degree in philosophy in 1895. Three years later, in 1898, the Dreyfus affair escalated. In the same year, Zola’s open letter “J’accuse” was published in L’Aurore newspaper.

In the period 1900-1905, his family environment and his life in general underwent great changes. In February 1903, Proust’s older brother Robert married and left the family home. In November of the same year, his father died. But Proust was hit hardest when his mother died in September 1905. His mother left him a remarkable legacy before he died. (In 2006 exchange rates, an amount close to 6 million US dollars and a fixed monthly income of 15,000 dollars.) However, his own health continued to deteriorate considerably during this period.

Proust has spent most of the last three years in the bedroom. He slept during the day and worked at night to complete his novel. He contracted pneumonia in 1922 and died of a lung abscess. He was buried in the Père Lachaise Cemetery in Paris. While Proust was alive, half of the literary world thought he was a brilliant writer, and the other half thought he was too heavy to read.

Proust became interested in writing and publishing at a very early age. In addition to his association with La Revue verte and La Revue lilas magazines, where he published his articles during his school years, he also had a monthly column in Le Mensueljürnal in 1890-91 where he wrote about society. 1892 Participated in an attempt to publish a monthly literary magazine called Le Banquet (also the French title for Plato’s book The Symposium). In the following years, small articles were published in the more prestigious La Revue Blanche magazine, as well as in this magazine.

1896 A collection of several of these small writings was published under the name Les Plaisirs et les Jours. The foreword was written by Anatole France, and the illustrations were by Mme. Made by Lemaire. The book was prepared in such a magnificent way that it was twice the price of a normal book.

It was only after his death that Proust began work that year on a novel called Jean Santeuil, which would be published in 1954. Lost Time