Who is Maurice Merleau-Ponty?

Who is Maurice Merleau-Ponty?

June 26, 2021 Off By Felso

He was a French philosopher who lived from March 14, 1908 to May 3, 1961.

He is known as one of the leading figures in both phenomenology and existentialism. Merleau-Ponty, who focused on the problems related to consciousness and morality, discussed the relationship between consciousness and the world. According to him, our field of perception is not made up of sensations, but of things, with spaces between them. Merleau-Ponty is a competent representative of the trend known as “existential phenomenology”.

Merleau-Ponty was raised mainly by his mother, attached to the Catholic world of meaning. In the course of his life, the effects of his mother will be in question. He passed his matriculation examination in 1924 with a certain academic degree, “baccalauréat” in France. He met Jean-Paul Sartre, Simone de Beauvoir and Jean Hayppolite since 1926.

Merleau-Ponty studied at the Higher Teachers’ College in Paris. He gave the philosophy teacher exam in 1930. The influence of the writings of Leon Brunschvicgs and Henri Bergson is first seen on him. Then, the influences of Emilie Bréher and Jean Laporte can be mentioned. However, it should be clearly emphasized that Phenomenology and especially Edmund Husserl had significant effects on the shaping of his thoughts.

He taught in Beauvais and Chartre between 1931-1935. In 1935-1937 he worked for a magazine called Esprit. From 1935 he was involved in readings of Hegel by Alexandre Kojéve. He studied Karl Marx at the university. After 1939 he taught philosophy at various schools in Paris, received his doctorate in 1945 and became a professor at the University of Lyon. Between 1945 and 1952, he shared the editorial directorship of Les Temps Modernes with Jean-Paul Sartre. Between 1949-1954, he worked as a professor in Sarborn on Child-psychology and Pedagogy. In 1952, he became a professor of philosophy at the famous College de France. Starting from 1955, he started to fall apart with Sarte and Boauvoir. He began writing “Visible vs Invisible” in 1959, which was impressive and illustrated his multifaceted phenomenology, but was unable to complete the book. He died unexpectedly early on May 3, 1961.

Also Please See:

– Maurice Merleau Ponty’s philosophy
– Works of Maurice Merleau Ponty
– Who is Maurice Merleau Ponty?
– In order to see the world, we must break our usual assumptions

Prepared by: Sociologist Ömer YILDIRIM
Source: Omer YILDIRIM’s Personal Lecture Notes. Atatürk University Sociology Department 1st Year “Introduction to Philosophy” and 2nd, 3rd, 4th Grade “History of Philosophy” Lecture Notes (Ömer YILDIRIM); Open Education Philosophy Textbook