Who is Maximilien Robespierre?June 26, 2021
Maximilien François Marie Isidore de Robespierre (6 May 1758 – 28 July 1794) was a French lawyer and politician, one of the leaders of the French revolution.
The Robespierre family is said to be of Irish descent. After attending school for a while in Arras, Robespierre studied at the College of Louis Le Grand in Paris. Choosing his father’s profession in 1781, he became a lawyer and began working in Arras. In 1788, he participated in the debate over the election and convocation of the House of Etats Generaux. Tiers-Etats representative from Artois was elected to enter this assembly. Being a staunch Rousseauist, he was considered to be on the far left, as he immediately became a member of the Jacobin club. Instead of the rich bourgeoisie, he supported the people of Paris and relied on them. He defended democracy in all his speeches, and stood for universal suffrage. The people called it “Incorruptible”. Robespierre was fighting the Girondins in the name of pure democracy.
When it came to war with Austria, he opposed it. After the Republic was proclaimed, Saint-Just, along with Marat, and Danton, had the king executed on January 21, 1793, to prevent his return. By organizing the Paris Commune, he wanted democracy to take root among the people. Like Rousseau, Robespierre believed that political rule has long been used to exploit and subjugate the great majority by a minority. According to him, what we call law was to systematize these efforts. Legislators thought of unleashing the powers of the people and satisfying their aspirations for freedom, dignity, happiness, self-government. However, once this artificial compulsion is removed, a harmonious society will emerge immediately and will continue unabated. What Robespierre and other Jacobins hoped for from terror was to achieve this natural order envisioned by Enlightenment philosophers after a temporary dictatorship. However, Robespierre himself was executed by guillotine on July 28, 1794, as a victim of this period of terror.