Who is May Sinclair?June 25, 2021
May Sinclair or full name original Mary Amelia St. Clair Sinclair lived from August 24, 1863 to November 14, 1946; British suffragist and philosopher known for her major contributions to the development of the psychological novel.
After studying for a year at Cheltenham Ladies College, Sinclair turned her attention to literature. Initially dreaming of becoming a poet and philosopher, May Sinclair is best known for her poetry and literary works, although she has published many critical articles on idealism throughout her career.
His first book was Nakiketas, and Other Poems, published under the pseudonym Julian Sinclair in 1886. This was followed by another book of poetry, Essays in Verse, in 1892. She has done paid translations from German to English and has also worked on her own writings in the process. Her first novel, “Audrey Craven,” was published in 1897.
Sinclair’s 1904 novel “The Divine Fire” led to Sinclair’s first major success in Britain and the United States. The novel chronicled the lives of the artists and reduced it to the psychological foundations that would later characterize their work. The income from this book gave him financial independence.
Living alone in London, Sinclair took an active part in the women’s suffrage movement and joined the “Women’s Freedom League” and later the “Women Writers Suffrage League” in 1908. She became one of the founders of the “Medico-Psychological Clinic” in London in 1913, one of the first clinics to provide psychoanalytic treatment and psychoanalytic training in England.
May Sinclair holding a placard calling for women’s suffrage in 1910. Library of the London School of Economics and Political Science (TWL.2000.70)
Before the First World War broke out, Sinclair was prolific in the literary field and published many novels. These novels include The Three Sisters (1914), which chronicles the life of the Brontë sisters and deals with the oppression of Victorian and Edwardian society. This book is the first of his psychological novels to be categorized, dealing with psychological concepts such as the unconscious and sublimation.
In 1914, Sinclair spent nearly two weeks on the Belgian front with a medical team. He was deeply moved by what he saw and embedded this experience in his memoir A Journal of Impressions in Belgium (1915) and many of his later novels (for example, Tasker Jevons: The Real Story, 1916).
In addition, sexual repression and domestic violence in the context of a mother-daughter relationship (1919), a semi-autobiographical novel by Sinclair, which was greatly influenced by the stream of consciousness she encountered while examining Dorothy Richardson’s “Pilgrimage” (1915–35), His research on the effects of violence was also one of the remarkable acts of his period.
Sinclair reexamined the theme of sexual repression in her 1920 novel The Romantic. British journalist Thomas Moult, who was at the peak of his career on this date, declared Sinclair “the most recognized female artist in Britain and America”.
Two years later, he published “The Life and Death of Harriett Frean,” which is widely regarded as his masterpiece, chronicling Frean’s tragic story from his underdeveloped Victorian childhood to his lonely adulthood and his neglected death.
Sinclair wrote and published novels and collections of short stories until the mid-1920s. However, she began to suffer from Parkinson’s disease, and as a result, she hardly wrote after 1927, although she lived almost two decades longer.
Prepared by: Sociologist Ömer Yıldırım