Who is Michael Polanyi?June 26, 2021
Michael Polanyi (1891-1976) Contemporary philosopher of science who strongly opposed the “ideal of objective and precise knowledge” defended in the historical process starting with Descartes and extending to the thinkers of the Vienna Circle. Proposing that science is nothing but a system of beliefs to which we are committed, Polanyi took an externalist approach when it came to explaining science.
In other words, according to Polanyi, who argues that science has to be explained not by its internal logic, but by basing it on the historical and social context in which it takes place, since the scientist is a social being, science must have a sociology. Along with Thomas Kuhn and Feyerabend, he is one of the strongest opponents of the positivist understanding of science.