Who is Miguel de Unamuno?June 26, 2021
His full name is Miguel de Unamuno y Jugo, Spanish philosopher and writer of Basque origin.
He studied philosophy and literature at the University of Madrid and taught philosophy in Bilbao. In 1891, he became a professor in the Chair of Ancient Greek Language at the University of Salamanca. After becoming a professor of Greek language and literature at the University of Salamanca, he also served as the rector of the same university between 1901-1914. He is one of the leading writers, thinkers and representatives of the existentialism movement of his time. He wrote novels, short stories, poems, essays and plays.
He thought and wrote about 20th century Spain. He fought against dogmatic thought (especially fascism) and was exiled to France in 1924 by the dictator Miguel Primo de Rivera after he declared that he supported the Allies in World War I. He managed to escape to France from the Canary Islands, where he was in exile. Then he returned to his country and was elected to the parliament after the proclamation of the republic. Returning to his job at the University of Salamanca in 1930, Unamuno was found in the Falangists’ territory when the Spanish Civil War broke out. Although he remained silent for a while and continued to be the rector of this school, he was immediately dismissed when he revealed his views on the Falangists, and this time he was sentenced to house arrest for opposing the dictator Franco, and spent the last months of his life in prison in his house. He died in detention on 31 December 1936.
Unamuno was initially interested in German philosophy, and translated Hegel’s Logik (“Logic”). He has worked on positivists and romantic poets. In his early works, it is seen that Hegel used a method based on the thesis (thesis), antithesis (antithesis), synthesis (synthesis). Knowing sixteen languages other than Greek and Latin enabled many thinkers to watch their works in their own language. Influenced by Bergson and especially Kierkegaard, he emerged as one of the first existentialist thinkers of the 20th century with his works developed on the basis of belief-reason contradiction.
– The relationship between suffering and existence
Prepared by: Sociologist Ömer YILDIRIM
Source: Omer YILDIRIM’s Personal Lecture Notes. Atatürk University Sociology Department 1st Year “Introduction to Philosophy” and 2nd, 3rd, 4th Grade “History of Philosophy” Lecture Notes (Ömer YILDIRIM); Open Education Philosophy Textbook