Who is Molla Sadra (Sadreddin Shirazi)?

Who is Molla Sadra (Sadreddin Shirazi)?

June 26, 2021 Off By Felso

Molla Sadra, his full name is Sadreddin Shiraz, but he is also called Molla Sadrā (Persian: ملا صدرا (1571-1636 AD).

She was born in Shiraz, Iran. She traveled first to Qazvin (1591) and then to Isfahan (1597) for her studies on philosophy, theology, hadith and tafsir. He was the student of Mir Damad and Bahauddin Amili in these cities, which are among the important centers of the Twelve Imam Shiism.

After completing his education in Isfahan, he gave his work Esfar’ul Erbaa (Four Campaigns), which revealed his philosophy and reflects the influence of his experiences gained from his fifteen-year ascetic life in the village called Kahak, near the city of Qom in Iran.

Mullah Sadra, who is accepted as the greatest philosopher of their country by the Iranians, established the school of Hikmet’ul Mutealiye (Transcendent Wisdom) by combining rationality and intuitionism. Mulla Sadra’s philosophy was influenced by Avicenna’s Peripateticism, Suhrawardi’s Ishraqi philosophy, Muhyiddin Arabi’s Nazari Irfan school and Twelver Imam Shi’ism. In his works, he tried to bring together the rational, intuitive and religious schools of Islamic thought in a different synthesis.

He returned to Shiraz towards the end of his life. He was accused of heresy by some Twelver Shiite theologians, such as Muhammed Bakir Majlis, but was able to continue writing due to the strength of his family. When he went on the pilgrimage route, his life ended in Basra and he was buried in what is now Iraq.