Who is Mozi (Mo Di)?June 26, 2021
Originally named Mo Di but known as Mozi, it was built in BC. Chinese philosopher who lived between 470-391 BC.
He is the founder of Mohism, and he strongly opposed Confucianism and Taoism within this current of thought. Mozi, who was born right after the death of Confucius, received traditional Chinese education from the classical text. Upon this training, he logically disliked clan relations, especially in Confucianism, which led him to his own current of thought, Mohism, in which he sought universal love. By universal love, Mozi means that we should treat everyone equally, regardless of their status or their relationship with us. He thinks that this philosophy, known as Mohism, which nourishes all life and ensures the continuation of life, is essentially benevolent and compatible with the way of heaven.
Mozi believes that there is always reciprocity in our actions. If we treat others the way we would like to be treated, we will see it as a favor in return. It says, “If someone throws me a peach, I’ll respond with a plum.” Mozi believes that when this principle is applied to everyone impartially by the rulers, conflicts and wars will be prevented, and if the same principle is applied by everyone, the society will be much more harmonious and therefore more productive.
This view appears as an approach similar to the spirit of the utilitarianism approach developed by the 19th century philosophers.
– What is Mohism?
Prepared by: Sociologist Ömer YILDIRIM
Source: Omer YILDIRIM’s Personal Lecture Notes. Atatürk University Sociology Department 1st Year “Introduction to Philosophy” and 2nd, 3rd, 4th Grade “History of Philosophy” Lecture Notes (Ömer YILDIRIM); Open Education Philosophy Textbook