Who is Nasır-ı Hüsrev?

Who is Nasır-ı Hüsrev?

June 26, 2021 Off By Felso

Nasır-ı Hüsrev, full name Ebu Mu’in Nasır-ı Hüsrev el-Marvazi al-Kubadiyani (b. 1004, Kubadian, Merv, Khorasan (today Tajikistan)-d. c. 1072/77, Yumgan, Bedehşan, Central Asia (today Afghanistan)), poet, theologian, dai and one of the greatest writers of Iranian literature.

He was the son of a family belonging to the Shiite sect that had undertaken various duties in the administration. He attended school for only a short time. He went on a pilgrimage to Mecca in 1045. He then traveled to Palestine and Egypt, where the Fatimid dynasty ruled at that time. Fatimids, who adopted the Ismaili sect of Shiism, were trying to spread their faith throughout the Islamic world through dais. Nasir-i Khosrow, who was not known to be Ismaili before his journey to Egypt, was one of these dais. He boldly defended the Ismaili doctrine in areas dominated by Sunnism. Therefore, he had to flee to Bedehşan. He spent the next time writing poems about his sadness at not being able to participate effectively.

Nasır-ı Hüsrev’s most famous prose work is the Sefer-nâme (Sefer-nâme), which includes his seven-year journey between 1045-1052, starting from Merv, passing through Iranian cities such as Nishapur and Rey, and passing through Anatolian lands, to Syria and Egypt, where he traveled approximately 18000 km. Seyâhatnâme) is his work.[1] The Turkish translation of the work, which was first published in 1881 with its French translation, was published in 1950.

One of the most important philosophical poems of Nasır-ı Hüsrev is Ruşenainame (1928). Nasır-ı Hüsrev, who made heavy criticisms of the rulers in Saadetname (1950), tries to reconcile Ismaili theology with Greek philosophy in his work called Camiü’l-Hikmetayn. His style, based on great technical mastery, is straight and lively.