Who is Nermi Uygur?June 26, 2021
He is a professor of philosophy and a writer.
He is our philosopher who represents the phenomenology and analytical philosophy approaches with his unique qualities and is also one of our leading essayists at the Department of Philosophy at Istanbul University.
Nermi Uygur graduated from Galatasaray High School’s Latin Department in 1944 and from Istanbul University’s Philosophy Department in 1948, and entered the same department as an assistant in 1950. Uygur, who translated the lectures and seminars of Heinz Heimsoeth, who came from Germany, into Turkish in the same year, prepared the subject of “Science Context Created by Spiritual Sciences in Terms of the Foundation of the Subject According to Withelm Dilthey” prepared under the direction of this German philosopher, who is famous for his Kant researches and also known in the field of phenomenology. He completed his doctorate in 1952 with his thesis.
Nermi Uygur, one of the first philosophers to have a doctorate in philosophy in Turkey, conducted research on phenomenology in Germany, France and Belgium between 1952-54. Associate professor with the thesis entitled “The Problem of the Other’s Self in Edmund Husserl” in 1954; He became a professor in 1964. He participated in the 1954 Brussels, 1958 Venice, 1968 Vienna and 1978 Düsseldorf International Philosophy Congresses, and in 1983 the International Conference on Multiculturalism held in Würiburg. In 1979-81 he taught Logic, Language, Culture and Philosophy of Science at the University of Wuppertal, Germany; Contributed to seminars and phenomenology colloquiums. Between 1981 and 1990, I. U. Uygur, who is the head of the Department of History of Philosophy, gave lectures in the department such as History of Ancient and Contemporary Philosophy, Philosophy of Language and Culture, Philosophy of Science, Philosophical Texts Seminar, Analytical Philosophy Seminar. Uygur was also a member of PEN (World Writers Union, Turkish Language Association and Turkish Physics Association).
After Takiyettin Mengüşoğlu, phenomenology gained an important expansion with Nermi Uygur in the Philosophy Department of Istanbul University. After Takiyettin Mengüşoğlu’s “Introduction to Philosophy” (1958), which gave the first example of the understanding of philosophy on the basis of a work after the 1933 University Reform, “What is a Philosophy Question?” published in the Nermi Uygur Philosophy Archive. (1960) attempts to “illuminate” philosophy based on his questions. Another important aspect of his article for Turkish philosophical thought is that it is one of the first articles written and published by a Turkish philosopher (Mind 1964) in an internationally respected journal.
Combining Dilthey’s method of understanding with language analysis, Uygur calls for an “analytic” philosophy in the direction of his own understanding of philosophy, in The Call of Philosophy, in which this article is included as the first chapter. The most important feature of this call is to try to grasp philosophy not as a predetermined philosophia perennis, but as a “search”. Because, according to him, individual questions in philosophy cannot be determined and specified beforehand, philosophy as a “research” is the explanation of the concepts or a group of concepts that “What is” makes the subject of the question. This understanding of philosophy, which is based on Uygur’s emphasis on research, questioning and understanding, has quite similar aspects to his teacher Heimsoeth’s philosophy. According to Heimsoeth, philosophy is “a special way of living based on questioning, research and understanding”.
Nermi Uygur’s understanding of philosophy is an important step towards systematic philosophy, which is based on philosophical problems by leaving Mengüşoğlu’s research on the history of philosophy, but does not completely deny the history of philosophy. At this stage, the philosophy of language tendency comes to the fore in Uygur’s approach, which is based on concept analysis as the method of philosophy. Uygur, who tried to describe the Power of Language with philosophical essays, used the philosophy of language method by directly analyzing concepts in the Philosophy of Physics in terms of Language with an Analytical Philosophy Essay in the Context of Theory-Action, and turned to philosophy of culture in the 1980s. In the context of the Turkish philosophy world, Nermi Uygur’s influence is most visible on his student and assistant Betül Çotuksöken. Çotuksöken made conceptual analyzes on the nature of “philosophical discourse” in Philosophy Discussions (1989) with the influence of his teacher’s views on the nature of philosophy.
After graduating from the Latin Department of Galatasaray High School, Professor Nermi Uygur, who graduated from the Philosophy Department of the Faculty of Letters of Istanbul University and the University of Cologne, started to work as an assistant at Istanbul University in January 1950. He became a doctor in 1952 with his thesis “The Existence Structure of Cultural Sciences”. He was sent to Germany, France, Belgium as an official and carried out research on phenomenology in these countries where he cycled. On his return to Turkey, he became an associate professor with the thesis of “The Other’s Self in Husserl”.
He turned to literature with the idea that ‘if a philosopher works like an essayist, he will succeed’. He started with ‘The Power of Language’ in 1962 and published his adventure of questioning the world, philosophy and culture in the form of essays. His writings from the 1960s