Who is Niccolo Machiavelli (Machiavellian)?

Who is Niccolo Machiavelli (Machiavellian)?

June 26, 2021 Off By Felso

Niccolò di Bernado dei Machiavelli (also known as Machiavelli) (3 May 1469 – 21 June 1527) Florentine thinker, statesman, military strategist, poet, playwright, considered the founder of history and political science.

He is one of the most important figures of the Italian Renaissance movement. In his most famous work, The Prince, for the first time in the history of political writing he examined the question of the seizure and preservation of power as an end in itself, without regard to religious or moral considerations.

All his life he fought for the ideal of Italian unity. Increasingly, his ideas were seen as an expression of a downright negative and unprincipled political ambition, in political literature as well as in mainstream thinking, the term “Machiavellianism” becoming an accusatory adjective describing the attitude of the politician who sees all means permissible for the purpose rather than a system of thought.

Still, great thinkers such as Diderot, Rousseau, Fichte and Hegel tried to reveal the positive side of Machiavelli’s thought. According to Hegel, the aim of Machiavelli, that is, the raising of Italy to a state, has remained incomprehensible to all visually impaired people, who see nothing but the justification of tyranny in this author’s work and a gold-starred mirror made for an ambitious despot. Hegel summarizes his method as follows: “Gangreneous limbs cannot be healed with lavender water.” The Italian communist philosopher Antonio Gramsci describes him as an early Jacobin.

Machiavelli greatly admired Roman artistic and political ideals, with the work of Dante almost recreating the Italian vernacular as a unifying national foundation.

On the other hand, Ibn-i Zafer Adil, of Arab origin, pioneered him with his work “The Prince”, about three hundred years ago. There are tremendous parallels between the two works. Also, his tombstone reads, “No praise can match the greatness of this name.” has printed.

Also Please See
Machiavellian understanding of political philosophy
Political reflections of Niccolo Machiavelli

The book “The Prince” by Niccolo Machiavelli (Machiavellian)
The book “The Art of War” by Niccolo Machiavelli (Machiavellian)
Niccolo Machiavelli’s understanding of the state

Prepared by: Sociologist Ömer YILDIRIM
Source: Omer YILDIRIM’s Personal Lecture Notes. Atatürk University Sociology Department 1st Year “Introduction to Philosophy” and 2nd, 3rd, 4th Grade “History of Philosophy” Lecture Notes (Ömer YILDIRIM); Open Education Philosophy Textbook