Who is Nicola Abbagnano?June 26, 2021
Italian existentialist philosopher. He was born in Salerno in 1901 and died in 1990.
He studied in Naples and gave lectures in Turin. Since 1936, he has been the assistant editor of the Rivista di Filosofia magazine in Italy, which had a great influence on the philosophy of the period.
Nicola Abbagnano was born on July 15, 1901 in Salerno. After studying in the city where he was born, he entered the University of Naples and became a student of Antonio Aliotta, one of the famous philosophers of the time. He worked as a lecturer at the University of Torine. At the same time, he published the philosophy journal Rivista di Filosofia. He argued that a relationship should be established between human life and philosophy, and that philosophy should deal with life problems. He wrote his thoughts on the subject in his first book, La Sorgenti Irrazionali del Pansiero. Abbagnano advocated existentialism in reaction to Groce and Gentileye, who perpetuated Neo-Hegelianism in Italy. He was influenced by Husserl’s phenomenology and the existentialism of Keirkegard, Kaspers and Heidegger.
Then, in his book La Struttura dell Esstenza, he argued that he was not a new interpreter of German existentialism, but was in favor of an existentialist view with original content. He harshly criticized many French existentialists such as Marcel and Lavelle. According to Abbognano, contemporary existentialism is divided into two branches. One is the substantive, atheistic, existentialism advocated by Satre, Jaspers, and Heidegger, and the other is the theological existentialism put forward by Marcel, Lavelle, and Le Senne. According to Abbagnano, both views are based on the same negative foundation. Both ultimately overtly or covertly preclude possibility. The only valid attitude that can stand against the determined negative existentialism is existentialism, which takes the possibility of possibility as its principle.