Who is Nicolaos of Damaskus?

Who is Nicolaos of Damaskus?

June 25, 2021 Off By Felso

Nic of Damascus was a Syrian historian and philosopher who lived during the reign of Augustus, the first emperor of the Roman Empire. His name comes from the city of Damascus (Damascus), where he was born. He was a close friend of the famous Jewish king Herod the Great.

His best-known work is a world history consisting of 144 books, of which only a few fragments have survived. His other works include an autobiography, the biographies of Augustus and Herod, and some philosophical works.

Nicolaus is famous for his stories about a “delegation” sent to the Roman Emperor Augustus in 13 by an Indian King “Pandion (Pandian kingdom?) or Porus, according to some”. He met the members of the embassy in Antakya. The embassy carried with him a diplomatic letter written in Greek, and one of its members had burned himself alive in Athens to show his faith. The events aroused excitement and were recorded by Strabo and Cassius Dio. A tomb was built for the sramana, still visible even in Plutarch’s time, with the inscription “ΖΑΡΜΑΝΟΧΗΓΑΣ ΙΝΔΟΣ ΑΠΟ ΒΑΡΓΟΣΗΣ” (“Sramana lord from Barygaza in India”).

According to these stories, Indian Buddhist clergy (Sramanas) were wandering in the Levant at the time of Jesus of Nazareth.

The Jewish historian Josephus referenced the fourth book of Nikolaos regarding (the prophet Abraham). Who is olaos?