Who is Niklas Luhmann?June 26, 2021
Niklas Luhmann (December 8, 1927 – November 6, 1998) was a German sociologist and thinker.
He is one of the leading thinkers of management expertise and sociological systems theory.
II. He was drafted into the army in World War II, after two years of fighting, he was captured in 1945 at the age of 17. After the war, he first studied Law, then became a student of Parsons and later worked at various universities in Germany. His most important work is “The Society of Society” published in 1997.
Luhmann, who wrote 70 books and nearly 400 scientific articles throughout his life; He carried out studies in many different fields and subjects, from law to economy, from politics to art, from religion to ecology, from mass media to love. Influenced by Talcott Parsons, Luhmann soon started to develop his own theory of social systems. Luhmann’s systems theory focuses on three main issues that are interconnected in all his work:
– System Theory as a theory about the structure, organization and functioning of society
– Communication Theory
– Evolution theory
Luhmann is one of the greatest thinkers of systems theory. He studied law in Freiburg between 1946-1949. In 1960-1961, he had the opportunity to work with Talcott Parsons at Harvard. In 1965, he was appointed Head of the Institute for Social Research in Germany. He became a doctor and associate professor at the University of Münster in 1966, and a professor at the University of Bielefeld in 1968. Not only in the field of sociology; He also wrote many studies in the fields of economics, law, theology, history and communication sciences. He died in Bielefeld in 1998.
Niklas Luhmann and the New Functionalism
Prepared by: Sociologist Ömer YILDIRIM
Source: Omer YILDIRIM’s Personal Lecture Notes. Atatürk University Sociology Department 1st Year “Introduction to Philosophy” and 2nd, 3rd, 4th Grade “History of Philosophy” Lecture Notes (Ömer YILDIRIM); Open Education Philosophy Textbook