Who is Novalis?June 26, 2021
Novalis”, (May 2, 1772 – March 25, 1801), writer and philosopher of early German romanticism. Real name “Georg Philipp Friedrich Freiherr von Hardenberg”.
Novalis received his initial education from private tutors. Among these teachers is Christian Daniel Enhard Schmid, who will meet Novalis Schmid again at the beginning of his university education. Novalis later attended the Luther grammar school in Eisleben, where he developed his knowledge and skills in rhetoric and ancient literature. Novalis studied law in Jena from 1790 to 1794. He met Schiller during his education and attended Schiller’s lectures. During Schiller’s illness he had shown friendship to her. He also met Goethe, Herder, and Jean Paul, and befriended Ludwig Tieck, Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph von Schelling, and the brothers Friedrich and August Wilhelm Schlegel.
Novalis, who started to work in the civil service in October 1794, became engaged to Sophie von Kühn, whom he had met around this time, on March 15, 1795. Her fiancé died in 1797, and this affected Novalis very much.
In the period 1795-1796, Novalis was interested in Johann Gottlieb Fichte’s scientific doctrine, which greatly influenced his outlook on the world. In addition, he developed various concepts in Fichte’s philosophy, and studies on this subject were also found.
A few months later he entered the Freiberg Mining Academy in Saxony to study geology. In 1798, the first fragments were published in the journal Athenäum. The name of Novalis’ first publication is Blüthenstaub, which is also where he first used the pen name “Novalis”.
In December 1798, Novalis became engaged to Julie von Charpentier. He fell ill with tuberculosis in August 1800. He died in Weißenfels on March 25, 1801.
Selected Words from Novalis
– Evil is a mental illness that is rooted in the mind, stubborn and can only be cured by a miracle.
– When we start dreaming in our dreams, the time to wake up is near.
– The first target that a person who wants to have a culture will reach is the measure.