Who is Numenios?June 26, 2021
(2nd century AD) Greek philosopher. He played an important role in the transition from Platonist idealism to the Neoplatonic synthesis of Hellenic, Persian and Jewish thought systems, especially focused on the concept of ultimate being or God and its relations with the material world. He sought the origin of Platonic thought in Eastern thought; Transmigration in Hinduism connected with the teachings of absolute monotheism and triad of divine functions in Judaism, and inherent dualism in gnostic and hermetic cultures. Observing that ancient Semitic religions influenced Greek thought, he referred to Plato as “the Athenianizing Moses”.
His research on primitive forms of theology later attracted the attention of Renaissance humanists. At the core of Numenios’ thought lies the opposition of a dualistic infinite god and infinite matter. Numenios’ views M.S. III. It is accepted that he influenced the development of Neoplatonism, the main representative of which was Plotinos in the 19th century. From his treatises Peri tes ton Akademaikon pros Platona diastaseos (On the Differences Between Plato and the Scholars), Peri ton para Platoni aporrheton (On Plato’s Secret Teachings), Peri tagathou (On the Good), and Peri aphtharsia psykhes (On the Indestructibility of the Spirit) sections remain.