Who is Omar Khayyam?June 26, 2021
Gıyaseddin Eb’ul Feth Ömer İbni İbrahim’el Hayyam or Ömer Hayyam (Persian: عمر خیام) (born 18 May 1048 – d. 4 December 1131) was an Iranian poet, philosopher, mathematician and astronomer.
Khayyam is from Nishapur. He was educated by the famous vizier of his time, Nizamül-Mülk and Hasan Sabbah, in the same madrasa from the famous scholar of the time, Muvaffakeddin Abdüllatif ibn al Lübad, and he did not cut his relationship with both of them throughout his life. Some resources; He states that Hasan Sabbah is from the city of Rey and Nizamül-Mülk is older than Ömer Hayyam and Hasan Sabbah in age, and thus they did not receive education in the same madrasah. However, Ömer Hayyam does not deny that Hasan Sabbah and Nizamül-Mülk were in a relationship. (Source: Samarkand-Amin Maalouf It should also be considered that Amin Maalouf may have fictionalized the relationship and stories of Hasan Sabbah and Nizamül-Mülk and Ömer Hayyam in this book. Khayyam does not have such a written explanation in his own language.)
Batini is considered by many scholars to be included in the understanding of Mu’tazila. In order to understand the universe, he separated from the dominant understanding of the Islamic culture in which he grew up, and exported the reasonings he made within himself in quatrains with a rare literary success.
He got the nickname “Khayyam”, which means tent maker, from his father’s tent business. He also gave his name to a district in the Beyoğlu district of Istanbul. It is the name of the street that starts from the Sakızağacı lights on Tarlabaşı boulevard and goes down to Tepebaşı. Khayyam was also a very good mathematician. He was the first scientist to use the binomial expansion. Khayyam is famous for his Rubâis because of the apparent love of entertainment in his poems.
Unlike many celebrities who lived in the past, Ömer Hayyam’s birthday is known from day to day. The reason for this is that Ömer Khayyam is an expert in calendars, as he is in many other subjects, and he researched and found his exact date of birth.
In his rubais, it is seen that he reasoned freely and without borders on issues related to life and human beings such as the world, existence, God, the state and forms of social organization. While reasoning, he did not adhere to any rules accepted by the society he lived in or the societies that lived in previous times, did not accept the limits that those who lived before him put in the human mind, in a sense, he defined the world, man and existence from the beginning with his own mind; for this reason, it has reached “universality” by surpassing its age. However, it should not be forgotten that the period in which Khayyam lived had the socio-cultural infrastructure that would create one of the greatest thinkers that history has ever seen. The philosopher, who lived in a period when philosophy received the attention it deserves in the Islamic world, which was perhaps the brightest period of its history, and a synthesis of Middle Eastern culture (Turkish-Indian-Arab-Chinese-Byzantine) began to form in the Seljuk palaces, thus, he received a relatively neutral and scientific education. He was able to deal with philosophy freely in a Muslim society that does not consider philosophy a sin.
Khayyam also has an important place in the history of world science. He established the world’s first observatory. He prepared the Celali Calendar, which is much more precise than the Gregorian and Hijri Calendars used today. The concept of mathematics taught in schools as Pascal’s Triangle was actually created by Ömer Hayyam. He is one of the world’s leading scientists in mathematics and astronomy. It is known that he has many scientific studies.
Many Rubais were mixed with those of Khayyam because of his fame, as far as is known, the number of Rubais is 158. But those attributed to him are over a thousand.
In addition, Ömer Hayyam is referred to as the first known anti-war activist in history.
Although the translation of the rubais into Turkish was made by many different translators, the translation that made the rubais popular with the Turkish people was made by Sabahattin Eyüboğlu.