Who is Periandros?

Who is Periandros?

June 26, 2021 Off By Felso

Periandros of Corinth is the son of Kypselos.

He was the tyrant of Corinth. He supported production and trade, prohibited the purchase of slaves. In his time Corinth enjoyed unprecedented prosperity. Despite all these positive efforts, he was known as a cruel ruler.

Periandros had married Lyside, but he called his wife Melissa. He had two children by her: Kypselos and Lykophron. The little ones were smart, the older ones were stupid. In a fit of anger, Periandros killed his pregnant wife by kicking her down the stairs. He was so angry that even though he saw his wife die, he wouldn’t stop but kick the corpse. In this incident, he was deceived by the lies of the women surrounding him. He exiled his son Lykophron, who was extremely uneasy about the murder of his mother, to Kerkyra (Corfu). When he was old, he called it back: he would leave the tyranny to him. But the Kerkyrans acted prematurely and killed Lykophron. Periandros died at the age of eighty before the forty-ninth Olympiad (towards 584). Some of his proverbs are:

– Research embraces everything.
– Calmness is a good thing.
– Boldness is dangerous.
– A shameful gain creates a blame for our existence.
– Democracy is better than tyranny.
Pleasures are mortal, virtues are immortal.
– Be moderate in happiness, be cautious in hostility.
– It is better to die frugally than to live in need.
– Show that you are worthy of your relatives.
– Make an effort to praise you in your life, and let them say that you lived happily after your death.
– Remain the same for your happy friends and for your unhappy friends.
– Get rid of any false commitments that you inadvertently enter.
– Do not reveal secret conversations.
– Use old laws, eat fresh food.
– Not only punish criminals, but also prevent them from doing wrong.
– Conceal your unhappiness so that it is not a matter of joy for your enemies

Prepared by: Sociologist Ömer YILDIRIM
Source: Omer YILDIRIM’s Personal Lecture Notes. Atatürk University Sociology Department 1st Year “Introduction to Philosophy” and 2nd, 3rd, 4th Grade “History of Philosophy” Lecture Notes (Ömer YILDIRIM); Open Education Philosophy Textbook