Who is Pierre Joseph Proudhon?June 26, 2021
French economist and thinker. He is the first person to call himself an “anarchist” and is described as the first “anarchist thinker”.
Proudhon, who was born in a village in France and spent his childhood as a shepherd, later devoted himself to education.
Pierre Joseph Proudhon, born in 1809 in France, is the son of a poor family, and he lived in an insatiable desire to learn. It has a special place among the theorists of anarchism. He learned a lot from life itself, from life experiences, from practice, and when anarchism wanted to impose itself as a doctrine of action, he followed Proudhon’s way. The most important anarchist theorist who gave importance to the practical side of this doctrine is Proudhon.
Rebellion never pushed him into nihilism. On the contrary, it revolts to defend the old customs of the people, the values that modern society is trying to destroy. Thus, two aspects of his teaching, both revolutionary and traditional, are understood.
Like Hegel, Proudhon gave rise to two currents: Right-wing Proudhonism; Leftist Proudhonism. Among his believers there are atheists as well as Christians; There are trade unionists as well as fascists.
All interpret Proudhon in their own way. But his most distinctive feature is that he is the hero of the French people.
Proudhon wrote “What is Property?”, which gained him a large audience in 1840. He wrote his pamphlet titled “Property is Theft!”.
Establishing contact with German immigrants in Paris in 1844, Proudhon also met Karl Marx and published “The Philosophy of Misery” in 1846. (As it is known, Karl Marx will write a cynical critique of this book called “The Poverty of Philosophy”.)
In 1846 Proudhon again settled in Paris. He remained there during the Revolution of 1848 and realized that the fundamental ideas of the revolution did not coincide with his own. He was elected deputy on July 4, 1848. When he referred to the people as “victims of the bourgeoisie” in a speech he gave in the National Assembly, he took a hit.
The Prince was sentenced to three years in prison and a fine of 3,000 francs in 1849 for his attack on the President. While he was in prison, he wrote “Confessions of a Revolutionary”.
In 1858, he was sentenced to three years’ imprisonment again for blaming the church in his work “Justice in the Revolution and the Church”; This work was deemed an “insult to religion and morality”. Proudhon took refuge in Belgium. He returned to Paris after the Amnesty; He died in 1864.
Pierre Joseph Proudhon and Anarchism
Pierre Joseph Proudhon’s Philosophy
Comparison of Pierre Joseph Proudhon and Karl Marx