Who is Plinius? Gaius Plinius Secundus MaiorJune 25, 2021
Plinius, or by his long name Gaius Plinius Secundus Maior, (shortly Pliny the Great or Plinius the Elder) A.D. 23 to A.D. Greek writer, geographer and philosopher who lived between 79 BC.
Plinius owes his place in the history of science to his giant work, which is considered the first encyclopedia of human history, which he wrote to compile information about his period. Consisting of 37 books combined under the name of “Naturalis Historia”, this work is an intense collection of information summarized from the contents of more than two thousand books left by nearly 500 Greek and Roman authors. The nomenclature studies that give the Latin equivalents of the Greek plant and animal names have ensured that the work’s reputation continues to this day.
Gaius Plinius Secundus (Pliny the Great)
Plinius M.S. He was brought to Rome by his father in 35 BC and studied poetry and military administration from his father’s friend, Pomponius Secundus. Influenced by the grammar and rhetoric of Remmius Palaemon and Arellius Fuscus, Pliny was probably their student. M. Ilin – E. Segal The following is told about Plinius on pages 332 and 333 of the book titled “How Man Became Man”:
It would be ingratitude to forget the experiences of mankind, the ancient scholars who collected them drop by drop in their books. In the same Rome where we see their laziness and greed as examples, there were also hardworking people who devoted their days and nights to science. Pliny, a naturalist, admiral, and statesman, was one of them.
The scholar says: “Even if the design is not realized, the pleasure of undertaking such a business is enough.”
Pliny slept little and ate little. He spent his days and nights reading the books of geographers, astronomers, naturalists, and doctors. He would read book after book, take notes, think, make comparisons. He had seen a lot in his travels and wars. Pliny was a freestanding library: he knew that at the pole the sun never sets in summer and never rises in winter, that the speed of light is higher than that of sound, that the sea tides arise from the gravitational pull of the Moon and the Sun. There is also information about his death on page 333 of the book.