Who is Prabhat Ranjan Sarkar?June 26, 2021
Prabhat Ranjan Sarkar (May 21, 1921 – October 21, 1990), Indian Guru, spiritual teacher, founder of Ananda Marga, philosopher, music composer and linguist who reinterpreted and innovated Tantra philosophy and practice. He is also known by his spiritual name as Shrii Shrii Anandamurti. He is one of the most important figures of the twentieth century.
He left ideas and works that had far-reaching and future implications. He trained many students. He renewed the Tantric meditation and philosophy, which has a history of thousands of years, and explained its connections with the philosophy and practice of Yoga. A new socio-economic theory known as PROUT developed the philosophy of “New Humanism” known as “Neo-Humanism”. The theory of Mikrovita, which he explained in the last years before his death, gives clues about future science.
Shrii Shrii Anandamurti
P.R. Sarkar’s greatest contribution to humanity is undoubtedly the innovations he brought to Tantra and Yoga philosophies and practices as his spiritual personality, Shrii Shrii Anandamurti. He has taught advanced Tantra meditation to many of his students. P.R. Those who have closely experienced the manifestations of Sarkar’s mystical and spiritual personality describe their experiences in books and conversations. Shrii Shrii Anandamurti’s Tantra philosophy is known as Ananda Marga Tantra and has nothing to do with Neotantra as practiced in the western world. It is also quite different from traditional Tantra because some wrong practices have been cleared. There are no sexual rituals in the philosophy and practice of Ananda Marga Tantra.
Other Contributions to World Culture
Sarkar began composing the hymns he called Prabhat Samghiit in 1982. He composed 5018 hymns until his death in 1990, which is said to be a record.
Linguistic studies are also very important. He has prepared an encyclopedia of 26 volumes on the Bengali language. In her books Shabda Cayanika and Varna Vijinana, she gives very interesting historical information, starting with the roots of languages, connections between languages, and other linguistics topics.
P. R. Sarkar was born in 1921, on the full moon day of May 21, in Jamalpur, Bihar, India. The spiritual personality that would later manifest did not appear in childhood, but family members say that from a very early age he meditated for hours at night.
P.R. Sarkar left Jamalpur in 1939 and started attending the university named “Vidyasagar College” in Kolkata. At night he would meditate on the stairs on the banks of the Ganges river, called the “ghat,” even though he knew that many thieves and other criminals were wandering around at this time. One night (probably in 1939 or 1940) he was attacked by the young Sarkar Kalicharan. When Kalicharan attacked, saying “either your money or your life”, Sarkar is said to have replied: “Kalicharan I will give you all my money but first tell me, are you stealing and killing people out of habit or out of need?” Impressed by Sarkar’s stance and spiritual strength, Kalicharan decides to become a new person. Sarkar tells him to bathe in the Ganges river and then initiates him into Tantric Meditation. When Kalicharan asks Sarkar “how can I address you”, Sarkar says “just call me Father”. After that day, those who loved Sarkar called him Baba. The word father means the same thing in Turkish and Sanskrit. Some spiritual leaders and teachers, who are very respected and loved in India, are addressed with the word Baba, which is a loving way of addressing. Kalicharan later changed his life completely and became known as Kalikananda.
P.R. Sarkar lived a normal family life until 1955. He worked as a civil servant in the Indian Railways business in Jamalpur and also continued to teach Tantra and Yoga to a few selected students and develop his philosophy.
At the insistence of his students, he founded Ananda Marga in 1955. In Sanskrit, “Ananda” means eternal happiness and “Marga” means path. Those who have adopted the “Ananda Marga” path try to improve themselves and the society by doing meditation, yoga exercises, spiritual meetings and social services. According to Ananda Marga’s basic philosophy, human development is possible by combining individual development efforts and community service efforts. There can be no individual (material, mental, spiritual) development without serving the society. The reverse is also true, those who want to improve society must first improve themselves.
P.R.Sarkar founded the “wholetimer” institution in Ananda Marga in 1962 for those who want to devote themselves to community service and meditation teaching. This institution of teachers is hierarchical, with the first level being “Brahmacarya” and then the “Avadutha” level. Female teachers are called Didi and male teachers are called Dada. The institutions of female and male teachers are separate. Dada and Didi do not marry as long as they continue their duties. Dada and Didi are colored orange, which represents service to humanity and renunciation of selfish desires.