Who is Richard Hooker?

Who is Richard Hooker?

June 26, 2021 Off By Felso

Richard Hooker, born in 1554 in England, is a thinker who studies theology and philosophy of law.

Appointed to the Temple Church in London in 1585, Hooker defended the Church of England and the Anglican tradition based on “the Bible, the church, and reason” against both Roman Catholicism and puritanism. Hooker resigned from his post at the Temple Church in 1591.

Richard Hooker is considered one of the most important English theologians to have lived. His masterpiece is his work “The Law of Church Citizenship”. Its philosophy is based on Aristotelianism, which puts a strong emphasis on natural law, eternally protected by God in creation. On this basis, all positive laws of church and state were developed from scripture, ancient tradition, reason, and experience.

Hooker has raised and considered fundamental questions about various laws, including the religious and secular authority and legitimacy of government, the nature of law, and the laws of physics. It has developed an inclusive perspective such as tolerating different views and accepting more diverse practices in religion and state relations.

For Hooker, experience is all about ordinary life. These ordinary experiences are considered sacred because they come from God. He stated that we should refer to God’s holy book as we learn from our experiences how the world works. According to him, we will be able to learn the knowledge of God from the holy books, which we cannot comprehend from the nature we see around us.

One of his masterpieces, Politie, was to be a work of eight books; however, the fifth book in the series, published in 1597, was the last book published while Hooker was alive. Richard Hooker died in England in 1600.

Prepared by: Sociologist Ömer YILDIRIM
Source: Omer YILDIRIM’s Personal Lecture Notes. Atatürk University Sociology Department 1st Year “Introduction to Philosophy” and 2nd, 3rd, 4th Grade “History of Philosophy” Lecture Notes (Ömer YILDIRIM); Open Education Philosophy Textbook