Who is Rıza Tevfik Bölükbaşı?June 26, 2021
Rıza Tevfik Bölükbaşı was born in Edirne. She graduated from the Mülk-i Tıbbiye. She worked in the state administration and taught philosophy and aesthetics at Istanbul University, known as Darül Fünun. Rıza Tevfik Bölükbaşı, also known as Feylesof Rıza, is also a poet.
His main works are: “Philosophy Lessons”, “Omar Khayyam and Rubailer”, “Abdülhak Hamid and His Philosophy of Philosophy”. “Rıza Tevfik wrote the philosophy textbook for the first time in our country and made the program of these courses. She taught philosophy at both high school and university. She did philosophy in her poems and defended philosophy in her writings. She has signed “feylesof” to many of her articles.
To put it simply, the basic elements of Rıza Tevfik’s philosophy can be gathered under these three principles: The existence of God can be found with reason. The phenomena of death, astonishment and doubt lead us to the first cause in existence. This is God. There is unity in existence. Everything is a manifestation of God’s power. Man is the center and summary of the universe. For this reason, it is the most valuable and most beautiful being of the world.”
Prepared by: Sociologist Ömer YILDIRIM
Source: Omer YILDIRIM’s Personal Lecture Notes. Atatürk University Sociology Department 1st Year “Introduction to Philosophy” and 2nd, 3rd, 4th Grade “History of Philosophy” Lecture Notes (Ömer YILDIRIM); Open Education Philosophy Textbook