Who is Robert Hooke?June 26, 2021
He was an English philosopher who lived from 18 July 1635 to 3 March 1703.
Hooke is a versatile scientist. He is an English scientist who played a major role in the scientific Renaissance with his work both theoretically and practically.
Robert Hooke was particularly interested in biology when he was younger. It was thought that he would get a good education and join the church, like his three brothers who later worked in the church. However, Hooke’s family picked him up from school, fearing that he would not live long due to chronic headaches while working. Born in Freshwater on the Isle of Wight, Hooke received his primary education on the Isle of Wight, and at the age of 13, Dr. He was educated at Westminster School under Busby. In 1653, Hooke took his place as choir at the Church of Christ in Oxford. Here, he met and assisted Robert Boyle. Since Boyle was not a mathematician, it is likely that Hooke formulated Boyle’s law, which is part of the ideal gas law.
The cell was first discovered in 1665 by an English scientist, Robert Hooke, as empty chambers in dead cork tissue. Robert Hooke named these chambers, which he saw during his studies, as cells. In the following years, it was understood that these chambers were not empty and that they were the smallest organisms that carried out the vital events of living things. He invented the microscope in 1665. In his first research, he saw the cell wall of the dead fungal cell, which he called the cell. He is the inventor of the scientific law known as Hooke’s law. Hooke’s Law is one of the main laws used by engineers in case of elastic deformation.
His adult life consisted of three distinct periods: a scientific researcher without money; He amassed a great fortune and survived the great fire of London in 1666 by a reputation for hard work and great honesty, but eventually fell ill and became part of jealous intellectual disputes. These circumstances may have contributed to his relative historical obscurity.
After the Great Fire of London, he was once concurrently in charge and councilor of the Royal Society experiments, Gresham professor of geometry and a London researcher in a capacity who showed he had done more than half the research after the fire. Also, despite being one of the major architects of his time, we can see a few of his works now, and some of them are misrepresented in general. He was instrumental in arranging a number of planning systems in London whose influence continues to this day. Allan Chapman calls him “England’s Leonardo”.
Robert Gunther’s Early Science in Oxford, a book on the history of science at Oxford during the Patronage, Renewal, and Enlightenment, dedicates five of the fourteen volumes to Hooke.
During his Patronage, Hooke was educated at Wadham College, where he was a member of a tight-knit group of enthusiastic Royalists led by John Wilkins. Here he was hired as an assistant to Thomas Willis and Robert Boyle. He built the vacuum pumps in which he used Boyle’s gas law experiments. He built some of the first Gregorian telescopes and observed the rotations of Mars and Jupiter. In 1665, he revived the use of the microscope for scientific research with his book Micrographia. Based on Hooke’s microscopic observations of fossils, he was one of the first proponents of biological development. He investigated the phenomenon of light refraction, inferring from the wave theory of light, and was the first to argue that matter expands when heated and that air consists of small particles separated by great distances. He pioneered map making and field research and was involved in the making of the first modern bird’s-eye map. London’s plan for the grid system was rejected in favor of rebuilding existing roads. Hooke was also very close to experimental proof that gravity follows the inverse square law, and he hypothesized that such a relationship governs the motions of the planets, an idea later developed by Isaac Newton. Much of Hooke’s scientific work was done with his talent when he was in charge of Royal Society experiments.
Prepared by: Sociologist Ömer YILDIRIM
Source: Omer YILDIRIM’s Personal Lecture Notes. Atatürk University Sociology Department 1st Year “Introduction to Philosophy” and 2nd, 3rd, 4th Grade “History of Philosophy” Lecture Notes (Ömer YILDIRIM); Open Education Philosophy Textbook