Who is Robert S. Woodworth?

Who is Robert S. Woodworth?

June 26, 2021 Off By Felso

Robert S. Woodworth, an American psychologist who studies the psychology of learning, was born in Massachusetts (USA) in 1869. He developed a system he called “dynamic psychology,” which he incorporated into several different streams of psychological thought.

Woodworth, who previously worked as a mathematics teacher, completed his graduate studies at Harvard and Columbia Universities. He continued his research at Columbia and became a professor of psychology in 1909. As a result of a study he conducted with Edward L. Thorndike in 1901, he argued that education cannot be transferred. According to them, learning a subject did not provide an improvement in general learning ability.

Claiming that behavior and consciousness were the subject of psychology, Woodworth believed that behavior was a function of both environmental stimuli and the structure of the organism. He also argued that a mechanism could take over the function of a driver by a motivational force.

Woodworth designed a questionnaire to detect and measure abnormal behavior. This questionnaire acted as a simple screening device for behavioral disorders. His dynamic psychology behavior; He tried to explain it by combining the theories of motivation, perception, learning and thinking. Throughout his career, he sought to develop a unified theory of psychology using his extensive scientific observations and generalizations from them.

Prepared by: Sociologist Ömer YILDIRIM
Source: Omer YILDIRIM’s Personal Lecture Notes. Atatürk University Sociology Department 1st Year “Introduction to Philosophy” and 2nd, 3rd, 4th Grade “History of Philosophy” Lecture Notes (Ömer YILDIRIM); Open Education Philosophy Textbook